|Organization||Size (nm)||Dimensions||Manufactured||Insoluble||Unique Property||Surface Area||Other|
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i ASTM International (ASTM). ASTM E2456 - 06 Standard Terminology Relating to Nanotechnology.
ii British Institute of Standards (BIS). Vocabulary--Nanoparticles. Publicly Available Specification (PAS) 71, pp. 1-2 (2005).
v United Kingdom Department for Environment Food and Rural Affairs (DEFRA). UK Voluntary Reporting Scheme for engineered nanoscale materials.
vi States Environmental Protection Agency (EPA). Nanotechnology and Pesticides.
viii European Commission. Regulation (EC) No 1223/2009 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 30 November 2009 on cosmetic products, OJ L 342, of 22.12.2009. Article 2 Paragraph 3: "in view of the various definitions of nanomaterials published by different bodies and the constant technical and scientific developments in the field of nanotechnologies, the Commission shall adjust and adapt point (k) of paragraph 1 to technical and scientific progress and to definitions subsequently agreed at international level".
x European Medicines Agency. Reflection Paper on Nanotechnology-Based Medicinal Products for Human Use. EMEA/CHMP/79769/2006, p. 3 (2006).
xi European Food Safety Authority (EFSA). Opinion of the Scientific Committee on the Potential Risks Arising from Nanoscience and Nanotechnologies on Food and Feed Safety (Question No EFSA-Q-2007-124), Adopted 10 February 2009.
xii National Science Foundation. US Nanoscale Science, Engineering and Technology (NSET) Subcommittee of the National Science and Technology Council's Committee on Technology (February 2000). Nanotechnology definition (NSET, February 2000).
xiii Friends of the Earth. What is Nanotechnology?
xiv International Orgnaization for Standardization (ISO). TC 229 Nanotechnologies.
xv International Organization for Standardization (ISO). Nanotechnologies -- Terminology and definitions for nano-objects -- Nanoparticle, nanofibre and nanoplate. ISO/TS 27687 First edition 2008-08-15 p. 1 (2008); International Orgnaization for Standardization; TC 229 Nanotechnologies.
xvi National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH). Approaches to Safe Nanotechnology Managing the Health and Safety Concerns Associated with Engineered Nanomaterials.
xvii National Science and Technology Council, Subcommittee on Nanoscale Science, Engineering, and Technology (NSET). The National Nanotechnology Initiative Strategic Plan December 2007.
xviii Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD). Science and Technology Policy: Nanotechnology.
xix The Royal Society & The Royal Academy of Engineering. Nanoscience and nanotechnologies: opportunities and uncertainties (2004).
xxi Scientific Committee on Emerging and Newly Identified Health Risks (SCENIHR). The existing and proposed definitions relating to products of nanotechnologies; Subsection 126.96.36.199, p. 11 (2007).
xxii National Science Foundation. Nanotechnology definition (NSET, February 2000).
xxiii The Royal Society and The Royal Academy of Engineering. Nanoscience and nanotechnologies. Chapter 2 "What are nanoscience and nanotechnologies?", paragraph 6, p. 5 (2004).
xxiv Verband der Chemischen Industrie (VCI).
|ASTMi||> 1 - <~100||2 or 3||Not Included||Not Included||May or may not||Not Included|
|British Institute of Standards (BSI)ii||1-100||1 or more||Not Included||Not Included||Not Included||Not Included|
|CEPAiii||1-100||1 or more||Yes||Not Included||Yes||Not Included|
|Health Canadaiv (Working Definition)||1-100||1 or more||Yes||Not Included||Yes*||Not Included||*Unique properties even if < or > than 1-100 nm|
|DEFRAv||< 200||2 or 3||Not Included||Not Included||Not Included||Not Included|
|EPA (PPDC)vi||1-100||Not Included||Yes||Not Included||Not Included||Not Included|
|EU Cosmetics Regulation (Article 2 Definitions (k))vii
Also see the provisionviii
|1-100||1 or more||Yes||Yes||Not Included||Not Included||Also biopersistant|
|EU Novel food Regulation (Article 3 Definitions (c))ix
(legal definition - not finally adopted yet)
|< 100*||1 or more||Yes||Not Included||Yes||Not Included||*Includes aggregates and agglomerates if unique properties|
|European Medicines Agency (EMEA)x||0.2-100||Not Included||Not Included||Not Included||Not Included||Not Included|
|European Food Safety Authority (EFSA)xi||< 100||Not Included||Not Included||Not Included||Not Included||Not Included|
|FDAxii||Not Included||Not Included||Not Included||Not Included||Not Included||Not Included|
|Friends of the Earthxiii||< 100||1 or more||Not Included||Not Included||Yes||Not Included|
|ISO WG 229xiv (Working Draft)||< 100||Not Included||Not Included||Not Included||Not Included||Yes||Crystal, mass fraction|
|ISO TS 27687xv||1-100||Not Included||Not Included||Not Included||Yes||Not Included|
|NIOSHxvi||1-100||3*||Not Included||Not Included||Not Included||Not Included||*Particle diameter|
|NNIxvii||1-100||Not Included||Not Included||Not Included||Yes||Not Included|
|OECDxviii||< 100||Not Included||Yes*||Not Included||Yes||Not Included||*Implied|
|Royal Societyxix||Not Included||Not Included||Yes||Not Included||Not Included||Not Included|
|SCCPxx||< 100||1 or more||Not Included||Yes||Yes||Not Included|
|SCENIHRxxi||< 100||1 or more||Yes||Not Included||Not Included||Yes*||*60 m²/g|
|US Nanoscale Science, Engineering and Technology (NSET) Subcommittee of the National Science and Technology Council's Committee on Technology (February 2000)xxii||Not Included*||Not Included||Not Included||Not Included||Yes||Not Included||*May be < 1 or > 100|
|UK Royal Society & Royal Academy of Engineeringxxiii||0.2-100||Not Included||Not Included||Not Included||Not Included||Not Included|
|VCIxxiv||1-100||2 or 3||Yes||Yes||Not Included||Yes|