Cosmetic products are subject to the provisions of the Food and Drugs Act and its Cosmetic Regulations regarding composition, safety, labelling and advertising. Additionally they are subject to the provisions of the Consumer Packaging and Labelling Act and Regulations.
The three most significant features of the Canadian cosmetic regulatory system are mandatory notification of all cosmetic products, safety of ingredients and products, and product labelling.
The Guidelines for Cosmetics Manufacturers, Importers and Distributors provide an overview of the requirements for the sale of cosmetics in Canada.
General Requirements for the Sale of Cosmetics in Canada
To assist companies in ensuring the safety of cosmetic products, Health Canada publishes the Cosmetic Ingredient Hotlist - an official list of prohibited and restricted cosmetic ingredients. The Hotlist takes its basis from the following sections of legislation:
Section 16 of the Food and Drugs Act states that no person shall sell a cosmetic product that has in it any substance that may injure the health of the user when the cosmetic is used according to its customary method.
No company may sell a cosmetic product in Canada if it does not meet section 16 of the Food and Drugs Act or the Cosmetic Regulations. Specific criteria to meet this legislation are outlined in the Hotlist, in terms of prohibited ingredients, concentration restrictions, labelling and packaging.
Please note that the Hotlist is not exhaustive. Contact the Cosmetics Program if you are in doubt about an ingredient.
Health Canada encourages all cosmetic manufacturers to adhere to Good Manufacturing Practices (GMPs).
A cosmetic label contains information that helps consumers make informed choices about the products they use, how to safely use the product, and how to contact the manufacturer if questions arise.
To comply with these requirements, cosmetic labels must supply:
Specific labelling requirements also exist for the safe use of certain products (for example, hair dyes and aerosols) and certain ingredients as stated in the Cosmetic Regulations and outlined in the Cosmetic Ingredient Hotlist.
Ingredients must be listed on all cosmetic products, using recognized names from the International Nomenclature of Cosmetic Ingredients (INCI) system as found in the International Cosmetic Ingredient Dictionary and Handbook.
The Guidelines for the Labelling of Cosmetics is intended to help manufacturers interpret the labelling and packaging requirements for cosmetics specified in the Cosmetic Regulations and the Consumer Packaging and Labelling Act and Regulations. It is designed to assist industry in the preparation of labels that comply with Canadian regulatory requirements for cosmetics.
All cosmetics sold in Canada must contain the list of ingredients on the label using the INCI (International Nomenclature for Cosmetic Ingredients) system.
The Guide to Cosmetic Ingredient Labelling has been prepared to provide an overview of the INCI labelling requirements of the Cosmetic Regulations under the Food and Drugs Act.
The International Nomenclature for Cosmetic Ingredients (INCI) Compliance and Enforcement Policy provides guidance on enforcement of the Cosmetic Regulations pertaining to mandatory ingredient labelling of cosmetic products.
Labelling Requirements for Cosmetics in Pressurized Containers provides a summary of the labelling requirements for aerosol cosmetics sold in pressurized containers.
The Official Method for the Determination of Flame Projection is used to determine the flame projection of flammable cosmetics in pressurized containers:
Other Legislation that May Apply to Cosmetics and Cosmetic Ingredients