Prepared for Health Canada by
The Health Law Institute
Faculty of Law
University of Alberta
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The issues outlined for each of the following resources do not in all cases cover every issue touched upon in the source but indicate the main issues which the resource focussed upon.
Andrews, L.B.,"The Shadow Health Care System: Regulation of Alternative Health Care Providers"  32 Hous. L. Rev. 1274.
Beauchamp T.L.& Childress, J.F., Principles of Biomedical Ethics, 4th ed. (New York: Oxford University Press, 1994).
Bissonette v. Canada,  T.C.J. No. 94 T.C.C.
Boozang., K.M., "Western Medicine Opens the Door to Alternative Medicine"(1998) 24:2/3 185.
Bukse L., "Looking for an Alternative" (1999) 161:4 CMAJ 363.
Canada, Health Canada. "The Need for Guidelines: Ethical Issues in the Use of Complementary and Alternative Care in Canada Today" in Perspectives on Complementary and Alternative Health Care (Ottawa: Publications Health Canada 2001).
Canada Health Canada. "The Regulation of Complementary and Alternative Health Care Practitioners: Policy Considerations" by James Casey & Frances Picharack in Perspectives on Complementary and Alternative Health Care (Ottawa: Publications Health Canada 2001).
Canada, Report of the Standing Committee on Health, Natural Health Products: A New Vision, (Ottawa: Public Works and Government Services Canada, 1998). (Chair: Joseph Volpe).
Casey J.T., Status Report and Analysis of Health Professional Regulations in Canada, (Edmonton: Federal/Provincial/Territorial Advisory Committee on Health Human Resources, March 1999).
Crouch R., Elliott R., Lemmens T. & Charland L. Canadian Strategy on HIV/AIDS, Complementary/Alternative Health Care and HIV/AIDS: Legal, Ethical & Policy Issues in Regulation by (Toronto: Canadian HIV/AIDS Legal Network, 2001).
Capen, K.,"Courts, Licensing Bodies Turning Their Attention to Alternative Therapies" (1997) 156:9 CMAJ 1307.
Caulfield T. & Feasby C., "Potions, Promises and Paradoxes: Complementary Medicine and Alternative Medicine and Malpractice Law in Canada" (2001) 9 Health L.J. 183.
Clark, P.A. "The Ethics of Alternative Medicine Therapies," (2000) 21:4 J. Pub. Health Plcy. 447.
Cohen, M.H., Complementary & Alternative Medicine, Baltimore: The Johns Hopkins University Press, (1998).
de Bruyn, T., "Health Law and Ethics in Relation to the Use of Complementary and Alternative Health Care and Natural Health Products" Report prepared for an Invitational Roundtable, Toronto, January 2002 [unpublished].
Demont v. Canada,  T.C.J. No. 562 T.C.C.
Doyle, A., "Alternative Medicine and Medical Malpractice: emerging issues" (2001) 22 J. Legal Med. 533.
Feasby, C., "Determining Standard of Care in Alternative Contexts" (1997) 5 Health L.J. 45.
Gilmour, J.M. Natural Health Products: The Product/Practitioner Interface (March 2002) [unpublished] archived at Health Canada.
Gilmour, J.M., Regulation of Complementary and Alternative Health Care: Goals, Legal Frameworks, Implementation (October 2001) [unpublished] archived at Natural Health Products Directorate, Health Canada.
Gilmour, J.M., Kelner, M. & Wellman B., "Opening the Door to Complementary an Alternative Medicine: Self-Regulation in Ontario" (2002) 24:2 L. & Polcy. 149.
Grandinetti, D. "Will Alternative-Medicine Referrals Get you Sued?" (1999) 76:10 Med. Econ. 38.
Gray, C., "Huge Court Fight May be in Offing as Ontario College Considers Penalty for Maverick MD" (1999) 160:6 CMAJ 877.
Gray, C., "Dr. Krop Gets Knuckles Rapped, But Vows to Fight College's 'Inquisition'" (1999) 161:11 CMAJ 1431.
Haigh, R.A., "Reconstructing Paradise: Canada's Health Care system, Alternative Medicine and the Charter of Rights," (1999) 7 Health L.J. 141.
Haig, R.D., "Role of Non-Physician Providers in Primary Health," (1997) 18:2 Health L. in Canada 49.
Hanvey, L. Reflections on Health Law and Ethics in Complementary and Alternative Health Care (March 2002) [unpublished], Commissioned by Health Canada. Online: Health Canada Natural Products Directorate.
Health Canada, Natural Health Products Directorate, online: http://www.hc-sc.gc.ca/hpfb-dgpsa/nhpd-dpsn/faq_e.html.
Hoffer, L.J., "Complementary or Alternative Medicine: the Need for Plausibility" (2003) 168:2 JAMC 180.
Ketchen v. Canada,  T.C.J. No. 42 T.C.C.
Krop v. College of Physicians and Surgeons of Ontario,  O.J. No. 308 S.C.J.
Krop v. College of Physicians and Surgeons of Ontario,  S..C..C. 382.
Litman, M.L., "Fiduciary Law and For-Profit and Not-For-Profit" in Timothy Caulfield and Barbara von Tigerstrom, eds. Health Care Reform & the Law in Canada (Edmonton: The University of Alberta Press, 2002) 85.
Mackay, B., "Changing Face of Canada is Changing the Face of Medicine" (2003) 168:5 CMAJ 599.
McNamara, L., Nelson E. & Windwick B., "Regulation of Health Care Professionals" in Downie, Caulfield & Flood, eds. Canadian Health Law and Policy (Toronto: Butterworths, 2002) 84.
Melnychuk v. Canada,  T.C.J. No. 94 T.C.C.
Natural Health Products, C. Gaz. 2001. I. 4912.
Picard E.& Robertson, G.B., Legal Liability of Doctors and Hospitals in Canada, 2nd ed. (Toronto: Carwsell, 1996) 246.
Seney v. Crooks  A.J. No. 1060 C.A.
Silversides, A., "More Provinces Protecting MDs who Practise Alternative Medicine" (2002) 166:3 CMAJ 367.
Somerville, M., The Ethical Canary: Science, Society and the Human Spirit, (New York: Viking, 2000) 175.
Stone, J. "Ethical Issues in Complementary and Alternative Medicine" (2000) 8 Comp. Therapies in Med. 207.
Stone, J. An Ethical Framework for Complementary and Alternative Therapists, (New York: Routledge, 2002).
Stone, J. & Matthews, J., Complementary Medicine and the Law, (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1996).
Studdart D.M., et al. "Medical Malpractice Implications of Alternative Medicine" (1998) 280:18 JAMA 1610.
Sugarman J. & Burk L., "Physicians' Ethical Obligations Regarding Alternative Medicine" (1998) 280:18 JAMA 1623.
Thorne, S. et al. "Ethical Dimensions in the Borderland Between Conventional and Complementary/Alternative Medicine" (2002) 8:6 J. Alt & Comp. Med. 907.
York University Centre for Health Studies, Complementary and Alternative Health Practices and Therapies - A Canadian Overview. (Toronto, York University: Strategies and Systems for Health Directorate Health Promotion and Programs Branch, 1999).