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Food and Nutrition

Health Canada's Revised Exposure Assessment of Acrylamide in Food

August 2012

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Table of Contents

Data Collected as part of the Acrylamide Monitoring Program

In 2009, Health Canada initiated a broader acrylamide monitoring program to provide a more up to date and accurate estimate of dietary exposure to acrylamide in Canada, assess the potential risk from acrylamide exposure and monitor the effectiveness of any reduction strategies which may have been implemented by industry. Health Canada completed phase 1 of the program in 2009 which included acrylamide testing results in bread (toasted and untoasted), coffee, French fries, cereals, snack foods, baby foods and many other food commodities. In 2010, Health Canada completed phase 2 of the monitoring program, which was designed to include samples from more food brands, capture additional generic brand names and include more samples from commodities that have shown highly variable acrylamide levels.

This new data has enabled Health Canada to set a "new baseline" for occurrence of acrylamide in various foods and serves as a basis upon which its assessment of dietary exposure to acrylamide can be based and updated regularly.

The cumulative results from phases 1 and 2 of Health Canada's acrylamide monitoring program are included in Appendix 1. Note that the data presented in Appendix 1 represent only a certain proportion of the products that are available on the Canadian market and do not represent all brands and product types. No particular inference should be drawn from the presence or absence of any brand from this survey.

The data in Appendix 1 are presented as the levels of acrylamide in the food when the food is in a prepared, ready-to-consume form. Where possible, foods were prepared according to manufacturers' specific instructions concerning cooking times, cooking temperatures, dilution factors, etc. Acrylamide concentrations in instant coffee, grain beverage, cocoa, infant formula and dry cereal samples were measured in the dry powder. However, acrylamide levels for instant coffee and grain beverage samples are presented in Appendix 1 after applying a dilution factor based on the amounts of powder and water used to prepare the beverage.  Toasted bread was prepared with a cafeteria belt toaster. Light, medium, and dark toasting levels were determined empirically and correspond to the settings used to generate the respective levels of browning.

Dietary Exposure Assessment

Prior to the establishment of the acrylamide monitoring program, Health Canada had conducted a limited number of small surveys to determine the levels of acrylamide in certain food commodities. Using this data, a preliminary exposure assessment was conducted. The mean adult exposure to acrylamide from food was estimated to be between 0.3 and 0.4 micrograms per kilogram body weight per day (µg/kg bw per day). The preliminary assessment used mean acrylamide concentration values for each commodity and mean food consumption figures to calculate a single exposure value for the population, rather than a range of values, in what is called a deterministic assessment. The results of Health Canada's preliminary deterministic exposure assessment are similar to other deterministic dietary acrylamide exposure estimates conducted in other countries such as Sweden and the United States.

Using the much larger database of acrylamide occurrence data in foods collected in Canada as part of phases 1 and 2 of the acrylamide monitoring program and food consumption figures from the Canadian Community Health Survey (CCHS) - Cycle 2.2 on Nutrition (Statistics Canada, 2004), Health Canada used computer modeling to conduct a probabilistic dietary exposure assessment for acrylamide. A probabilistic exposure assessment combines all of the individual contaminant concentrations measured in samples of each particular food along with individual consumption data from the CCHS for the same foods. Specifically, an acrylamide concentration for each food listed in Appendix 1 was randomly applied to the relevant food consumption rates reported by each individual respondent in the CCHS. The result is a distribution of possible dietary exposures to the substance in question. Note that if acrylamide levels were reported as less than the analytical instrument's limit of detection (LOD), the level of acrylamide in the food was conservatively set to the LOD.

Whenever possible, market share data obtained from market research results collected in 2009 by the AC Nielsen Company of Canada was factored into the assessment. If more than one brand of a certain type of food was sampled, the proportion of each brand's share of the market (based on volume of sales) was used to determine the probability of a random selection of an acrylamide concentration from that particular brand and type of food. For example, if cookies of brand X represent 25 percent of the market share for all cookies, the selection of a random acrylamide level in cookies would be taken from the results found in brand X 25 percent of the time. Market share data was only used to estimate exposure when the Health Canada acrylamide occurrence data for a particular food was available for brands that collectively represent the majority of the market. This was the case for chocolate chip cookies, chocolate cream cookies, ginger cookies, prune juice, instant coffee, frozen French fries, arrowroot cookies, peanut butter, corn chips, and potato chips.

For each respondent in the CCHS survey, the estimated exposure to acrylamide from each food was summed to give an estimate of the total dietary acrylamide intake. The result is a distribution of total dietary exposure to acrylamide within a population. Five-hundred different exposure scenarios were generated for each individual (five-hundred iterations of the randomized assignment of acrylamide levels), from which mean and 90th percentile exposure estimates were calculated. The median value of the mean exposure estimates and the median value of the 90th percentile exposure estimates calculated for all individuals within a certain age group are reported in Table 1.

Table 1 - Probabilistic dietary exposure estimates for acrylamide for select age-gender groups.
Age group (yrs)Males and females are both included in each age group N
Acrylamide exposure (µg/kg bw per day)
Mean 90th percentile
  •  Males and females are both included in each age group
  • N - number of respondents in that age category in the CCHS survey
  • µg/kg bw per day - microgram per kilogram of body weight per day
< 1 279 0.211 0.591
1 to 3 2096 0.609 1.516
4 to 8 3047 0.597 1.389
9 to 13 3883 0.442 1.043
14 to 18 4423 0.356 0.910
19 to 30 3713 0.288 0.740
31 to 50 5125 0.248 0.544
51 to 70 5533 0.187 0.367
≥ 71 3989 0.157 0.307

Results of the probabilistic exposure assessment show that children (from 1 to 8 years of age) ingest higher amounts of acrylamide through the diet, on a body weight basis, than other age groups. Mean acrylamide intakes range from 0.356 to 0.609 µg/kg bw per day for age groups from 1 to 18 years and from 0.157 to 0.288 µg/kg bw per day for adults (19 to 71+ years). Mean adult exposure estimates calculated by probabilistic methods are slightly lower than the results from Health Canada's preliminary exposure assessment. Exposure among infants < 1 year of age was lower than that of children and within the range of adult exposures.

Contribution of Different Foods to Acrylamide Exposure

Foods contributing most to the average total dietary acrylamide exposure for the general population above the age of 1 year are provided in Table 2. The results shown here are similar to those found in the preliminary deterministic exposure assessment which utilized data collected prior to the launch of the acrylamide monitoring program.

Oven-baked French fries prepared from frozen products purchased at retail were found to contribute very little to acrylamide intake, accounting for approximately 1 percent of the overall dietary exposure for the total population. This is significantly lower than the contribution from restaurant French fries, generally prepared by deep frying, primarily due to the lower frequency of consumption of oven-baked French fries prepared at home from frozen products as reported by CCHS participants. Lower acrylamide levels in oven-baked frozen French fries prepared at home and the weight applied from market share data were also contributing factors.

Table 2 - Top contributors to average total dietary acrylamide exposure
Commodity
Contribution to
dietary exposure (%)
Cumulative
share (%)
Restaurant French fries 30.0 30.0
Snack chips (potato, corn) 14.9 44.9
Coffee (ready-to-drink) 12.3 57.2
Bread, toasted 6.4 63.6
Cereals 5.3 68.9
Bread, untoasted 4.0 72.9
Cookies 3.2 76.1
Popcorn 2.6 78.7
Crackers 2.5 81.2

Risk Characterization

In February 2010, the Joint Food and Agriculture Organization/World Health Organization Expert Committee on Food Additives (JECFA) reviewed the dietary exposure and toxicological data for acrylamide (JECFA, 2010). JECFA calculated Margins Of Exposure (MOE) using: (1) a No Observed Adverse Effect Level (NOAEL) of 200 µg/kg of body weight per day based on morphological changes in nerves in rats; (2) a Benchmark Dose Lower Confidence Limit (BMDL) associated with a 10% response (BMDL10) rate for mammary tumours in rats of 310 µg/kg bw per day; and (3) a BMDL10 rate for Harderian gland tumours in male mice of 180 µg/kg bw per day.

MOE values were calculated by comparing the NOAEL and BMDL10 values to the dietary exposure estimate for acrylamide according to the following equation:

MOE values equation

In general, the larger the MOE value, the lower the safety concern. However, the interpretation of MOE values in the context of an associated potential risk to human health is based on considerations of the chemical in question, the nature of the hazard it poses, any scientific uncertainties, and the expert judgment of the risk assessors.

The JECFA assessment estimated a mean dietary exposure to acrylamide of 1 µg/kg bw per day for the general population and a high exposure level of 4 µg/kg bw per day using a single point estimate approach. MOE values for mean and high exposure consumers using the most sensitive non-carcinogenic end-point (a NOAEL) were 200 and 50, respectively. MOEs using the lower BMDL10 value for induction of tumours in mice were 180 for mean acrylamide exposures and 45 for high-end exposures. JECFA concluded that for a compound that is both genotoxic and carcinogenic, these MOEs for acrylamide indicate a human health concern.

The MOEs calculated in this assessment for various age groups using the mean and 90th percentile dietary exposure estimates, the NOAEL and the lowest BMDL10 value considered by JECFA, are provided in Table 3.

Table 3 - Margins of exposure (MOE) between dietary exposure to acrylamide and a NOAEL of 200 g/kg bw per day and a BMDL10 of 180 g/kg bw per day.
Age group
(yrs)Males and females are both included in each age group
MOE using NOAEL of 200
µg/kg bw per day
MOE using BMDL10 of 180
µg/kg bw per day
Mean p90 Mean p90
  •  Males and females are both included in each age group
  • NOAEL - No Observed Adverse Effect Level
  • BMDL10 - Benchmark Dose Lower Confidence Limit associated with a 10% response rate for Harderian gland tumours in male mice
  • p90 - 90th percentile
< 1 947 338 853 305
1 to 3 328 132 296 119
4 to 8 335 144 302 130
9 to 13 452 192 407 173
14 to 18 562 220 506 198
19 to 30 694 270 625 243
31 to 50 806 368 726 331
51 to 70 1070 545 963 490
≥ 71 1274 651 1146 586

MOE values from mean and high-end exposure to acrylamide were lowest among young children (from 1 to 8 years of age), and highest for the adult age groups (above 19 years) and infants under 1 year. Overall, dietary exposure to acrylamide in Canada is estimated to be lower than that reported by JECFA which results in MOEs that are higher than those estimated by JECFA. Nonetheless, Health Canada concurs with the opinion of JECFA that dietary exposure to acrylamide represents a potential human health concern.

Uncertainties

Exposure estimates were derived based on the potential ingestion of foods that were included in phases 1 and 2 of the survey. Surveys conducted by other countries have found very low levels of acrylamide in some foods that were not included in this assessment, such as seafood and dairy products. Although the available data indicates that these foods would not significantly contribute to the total dietary exposure to acrylamide, exposure may have been underestimated in this assessment as not all foods that may contain acrylamide were included. Health Canada will continue to update its estimate of the occurrence of acrylamide in a wide range of foods consumed by Canadians along with the corresponding exposure estimates.

Next Steps

Health Canada recently met with members of the food industry and other stakeholders to provide an update of its assessment on acrylamide in food. Health Canada continues to encourage the food industry to further pursue reduction efforts for acrylamide in processed foods. Acrylamide reduction strategies are available through the Next link will take you to another Web site Codex Alimentarius Code of Practice for the Reduction of Acrylamide in Foods (CAC/RCP 67-2009) and the Next link will take you to another Web site Food Drink Europe Acrylamide Toolbox 2011. Health Canada is aware that certain segments of the Canadian food industry have implemented measures to reduce acrylamide in their products and continue to conduct research on new methods to further minimize acrylamide occurrence.

On March 14, 2012 Health Canada amended the Next link will take you to another Web site Food and Drug Regulations to permit the use of asparaginase in certain food products. Asparaginase is an enzyme that will reduce the amount of the amino acid asparagine, which is naturally present in certain foods. Under specific cooking conditions and for certain foods, asparagine can react with other natural components of the food and form acrylamide. Reducing the amount of asparagine in these foods will reduce the amount of acrylamide formed during cooking.

Health Canada also continues to work with health authorities in other countries to better understand how acrylamide is formed in various foods, what foods contain the highest amounts of acrylamide, and what impact acrylamide has on human health. Health Canada plans to continue to collect information on the levels of acrylamide in foods that have not been sampled to date by Health Canada and/or in foods that potentially contain elevated levels of acrylamide. Future data collection endeavors will also serve to determine potential trends in acrylamide occurrence in order to assess the impact of the food industry's efforts in applying reduction strategies.

Health Canada also recommends practicing some simple techniques to minimize acrylamide formation in foods prepared at home and to consume a variety of foods according to Eating Well with Canada's Food Guide.

References

Joint FAO/WHO Expert Committee on Food Additives (JECFA) 2010. Next link will take you to another Web site Summary and conclusions, seventy-second meeting, Rome, 16-25 February 2010.

Statistics Canada 2004. Next link will take you to another Web site Canadian Community Health Survey - Cycle 2.2 Nutrition (CCHS). Detailed information for 2004 (Cycle 2.2), Ottawa (ON): Statistics Canada.

Appendix 1 - Concentrations of acrylamide in food products, on an as-consumed basis, available in Canada (g/kg of food or parts per billion (ppb)).

This table is considered a snapshot of a small proportion of the products that are available on the Canadian market and do not represent all brands and product types. No particular inference should be drawn from the presence or absence of any brand from this survey. The absence of a particular brand simply means that it was not sampled and does not mean that it would have either similar or dissimilar levels of acrylamide as those in brands of the same food listed below.  Differences in acrylamide levels between foods and brands do not necessarily reflect differences in exposure or potential risk that would be faced by consumers, and should not be used as indices of healthy product choices.

Table of concentrations of acrylamide in food products, on an as-consumed basis, available in Canada (g/kg of food or parts per billion (ppb))
Food commodity (Product description) Brand name n
Acrylamide
(µg/kg of food)
mean
range
Baby food products
  • < 10 denotes below the limit of detection of 10 µg/kg
Rice baby cereal Beech Nut 1 < 10 --
Oatmeal baby cereal Heinz 1 18 --
Multigrain baby cereal with fruit Heinz 1 < 10 --
Mixed baby cereal Milupa 1 < 10 --
Rice & banana infant cereal Nestle 1 20 --
Soya cereal with pear Heinz 1 < 10 --
Apple prune juice blend Beech Nut 9 58 55-61
Apple prune drink from concentrate Heinz 3 39 33-42
Strained/puree prunes Gerber 6 259 253-265
Prune baby food Heinz 4 108 102-118
Prune baby food Parent's Choice - Walmart brand 4 157 120-194
Strained/puree prunes President's Choice - Loblaw's brand 6 78 75-81
Strained/puree sweet potatoes Gerber 8 79 74-86
Beginner sweet potatoes Heinz 4 36 32-42
Strained/puree sweet potatoes President's Choice - Loblaw's brand 7 61 56-69
Sweet potatoes baby food Parent's Choice - Walmart brand 4 40 33-44
Vanilla custard pudding Gerber 4 < 10 < 10
Thickened A+ powder infant formula Enfamil 1 < 10 --
Nurture Stage 2 powder infant formula Heinz 1 < 10 --
Go & Grow powder infant formula Similac 1 < 10 --
Bakery products
Deep'n Delicious Double Chocolate Cake McCain 4 14 < 10-17
In-house chocolate fudge cake Loblaw 4 < 10 < 10
Chocolate celebration cake M&M Meat Shops 4 41 38-43
Pumpkin pie M&M Meat Shops 4 < 10 < 10-14
Apple pie with cinnamon Farmer's Market 4 22 18-27
Apple pie Apple Valley Foods 2 25 21-28
Plain donuts Tim Hortons 5 23 18-30
Plain donut holes Tim Hortons 4 41 35-48
Plain donuts Selection - Metro brand 2 16 15-16
Sour cream glazed donuts Selection - Metro brand 2 < 10 < 10
Plain donuts Country Style 2 13 11-15
Sour cream glazed donut holes Country Style 2 14 13-15
Beverages
Coffee, restaurant McDonald's 6 < 10 < 10-11
Coffee, restaurant Second Cup 4 < 10 < 10
Coffee, restaurant Starbucks 6 12 < 10-15
Coffee, restaurant Tim Hortons 6 12 11-14
Classic roast ground coffee Folgers 4 < 10 < 10
Maxwell House Original roast ground coffee Kraft 4 < 10 < 10
Nescafe rich instant coffee Nestle 1 < 10 --
Maxwell House Original roast instant coffee Kraft 2 < 10 < 10
Instant coffee No Name - Loblaw's brand 1 < 10 --
Taster's Choice instant coffee Nestle 1 < 10 --
Mellow blend instant coffee Selection 1 < 10 --
Grain beverage with chicory Caf-Lib 1 < 10 --
Prune nectar Black River 2 68 67-68
Prune nectar Great Value - Walmart brand 4 151 140-163
Prune nectar Irresistibles - Metro brand 2 133 131-135
Unsweetened prune nectar No Name - Loblaw's brand 7 216 186-247
R.W. Knudsen organic prune nectar Smucker 4 688 478-916
Health Vision 100% Natural prune nectar Vergers Paul Jodoin 4 86 85-87
Prune nectar Welch's 8 295 237-423
Bread
Whole wheat bagels Weston 1 16 --
Swiss muesli bagel Stonemill Bakehouse 1 11 --
Plain bagels Weston 1 14 --
Plain bagels Dempster's 1 10 --
Plain bagel - light toasting Weston 2 28 27-29
Plain bagel - medium toasting Weston 2 44 42-45
Plain bagel - dark toasting Weston 2 88 84-91
Plain bagel - light toasting Dempster's 1 34 --
Plain bagel - medium toasting Dempster's 1 43 --
Plain bagel - dark toasting Dempster's 1 100 --
Enriched white bread Weston 1 18 --
Enriched white bread - light toasting Weston 2 20 19-21
Enriched white bread - medium toasting Weston 2 38 34-41
Enriched white bread - dark toasting Weston 2 83 78-88
Enriched white bread Dempster's 1 20 --
Enriched white bread - light toasting Dempster's 1 25 --
Enriched white bread - medium toasting Dempster's 1 85 --
Enriched white bread - dark toasting Dempster's 1 134 --
White and whole wheat baguette ACE Bakeries 3 < 10 --
Whole grain, 7 grain bread Weston 1 39 --
Whole grain, 7 grain bread - light toasting Weston 2 38 37-38
Whole grain, 7 grain bread - medium toasting Weston 2 58 55-61
Whole grain, 7 grain bread - dark toasting Weston 2 185 171-199
12 grain rye bread Stonemill Bakehouse 1 20 --
11whole grains and honey bread Stonemill Bakehouse 1 23 --
Whole grain flax bread Loblaw 1 79 --
Multigrain bread Dempster's 1 46 --
Multigrain bread - light toasting Dempster's 1 68 --
Multigrain bread - medium toasting Dempster's 1 92 --
Multigrain bread - dark toasting Dempster's 1 145 --
Whole wheat bread Weston 2 44 39-48
Whole wheat bread - light toasting Weston 2 79 76-82
Whole wheat bread - medium toasting Weston 2 112 101-122
Whole wheat bread - dark toasting Weston 2 162 161-162
Whole wheat bread Dempster's 1 16 --
Whole wheat bread - light toasting Dempster's 1 23 --
Whole wheat bread - medium toasting Dempster's 1 30 --
Whole wheat bread - dark toasting Dempster's 1 48 --
Sun-Maid raisin cinnamon bread Canada Bread Company/Maple Leaf 1 < 10 --
Whole rye bread Kasseler Food Products 1 23 --
100% whole wheat pita bread (sandwich pockets) Handi Foods Ltd. 1 33 --
Organic whole wheat pita bread Ozery's Pita Bread Inc. 1 < 10 --
Lavash flatbread Ozery's Pita Bread Inc. 1 25 --
Tandoori pita bread N/A (bulk) 1 69 --
Whole wheat tortillas Weston 1 < 10 --
Whole grain, whole wheat tortillas President's Choice - Loblaw's brand 1 < 10 --
Cheese buns N/A (bulk) 1 17 --
Multigrain flax loaf Loblaw 1 46 --
Sovital bread Loblaw 1 15 --
Light rye crisp bread Ryvita 9 649 160-1030
Light rye crisp bread Wasa 4 276 178-360
Melba toast Grissol 8 74 50-94
Cereals
Honey nut Cheerios General Mills 4 79 50-103
Oatmeal Crisp cereal General Mills 5 336 178-407
Whole grain Cheerios General Mills 2 152 152
Corn flakes Kellogg's 2 58 39-77
Froot Loops Kellogg's 2 26 --
Frosted flakes Kellogg's 4 42 36-54
Mini-Wheats cereal Kellogg's 4 106 72-144
Rice Krispies cereal Kellogg's 5 58 35-92
Special K original cereal Kellogg's 4 229 197-260
Two Scoops raisin bran cereal Kellogg's 2 77 64-90
Life cereal Pepsi-QTG 2 68 63-73
Honeycomb cereal Post Foods 2 73 65-81
Shreddies cereal Post Foods 5 107 70-128
Strawberry apple puffs President's Choice - Loblaw's brand 1 26 --
Whole grain apple cinnamon puffs Gerber 1 107 --
Mini apple cinnamon cereal bars Heinz 2 55 51-58
Organic rice snacks Heinz 1 212 --
Confectionery
Premium dark chocolate Cadbury 4 82 73-95
Butterscotch chipits Hershey 4 < 10 < 10
Creamy milk chocolate Hershey 4 37 29-50
Swiss dark chocolate Irresistibles - Metro brand 4 78 65-91
Baker's unsweetened chocolate Kraft 4 391 387-400
Dark chocolate with almonds President's Choice - Loblaw's brand 4 570 513-650
Jersey Milk chocolate Neilson 4 21 19-25
Toll House dark chocolate baking bar Nestle 4 105 84-125
Premium cocoa (powder) Fry's 8 455 370-562
Premium cocoa (powder) No name - Loblaw's brand 6 310 234-395
Cocoa powder (powder) Selection - Metro brand 9 555 516-578
Sesame snaps Sezme Brand 1 96 --
Cookies and biscuits
Baby Mum-Mum original cookies Want Want Foods Ltd. 9 52 34-72
Farley's biscuits Heinz 6 46 37-63
Farley's instant cereal in biscuit form Heinz 3 33 31-37
Let's Grow biter biscuits Beech Nut 8 1401 1030-1900
Toddler instant cereal in biscuit form Heinz 3 46 43-52
Toddler biscuits Heinz 6 131 119-139
Let's Grow Arrowroot cookies Beech Nut 6 126 101-144
Arrowroot cookies Compliments - Sobeys' brand 4 198 131-268
Arrowroot cookies President's Choice - Loblaw's brand 4 110 91-136
Mr. Christie Arrowroot cookies Kraft 6 207 172-256
Honey Maid graham wafers Kraft 9 261 224-299
Honey graham wafers Compliments - Sobeys' brand 4 88 62-117
Original Gluco biscuits Parle Products 1 1100 --
Crispy Jeera Cumin cookies TWI Foods 1 78 --
Sesame fried cookies Nice Choice 1 116 --
Peak Freans digestive cookies Kraft 8 325 262-371
Teddy Grahams honey cookies Kraft 6 134 104-158
Breaktime ginger cookies Dare 4 282 261-314
Ginger kids cookies Voortman 4 290 184-390
Ginger snaps Purity 4 578 438-665
Dad's Oatmeal Classic cookies Kraft 9 243 222-277
Bear Claws soft cookies Dare 3 42 41-44
Bear Paws chocolate chip cookies Dare 6 52 44-58
Fudgee.O Original cookies Kraft 8 80 70-95
Chunks Ahoy chocolate chip cookies Kraft 9 218 161-309
Mr. Christie Oreo cookies Kraft 9 23 12-33
Crackers
Biscuit/cracker Takara 1 285 --
Goldfish crackers Pepperidge Farm 9 159 63-241
Premium Plus salted tops crackers Kraft 8 35 27-50
Premium Plus unsalted tops crackers Kraft 8 38 32-54
Premium Plus whole-wheat crackers Kraft 3 13 10-19
Stoned Wheat Thins crackers Kraft 9 25 13-47
Wheat pastry OEC 1 267 --
Ritz Original crackers Kraft 6 408 312-511
Plain crackers Meiji 1 65 --
French fries
French fries, restaurant Burger King 6 360 276-601
French fries, restaurant McDonald's 9 580 306-1120
French fries, restaurant Wendy's 9 459 255-888
Potato wedges from frozen Cavendish 4 766 706-849
Shoestring French fries from frozen Cavendish 8 169 74-272
Coated spicy French fries from frozen Cavendish 3 271 222-334
Crinkle cut French fries from frozen Great Value - Walmart brand 4 198 96-306
Shoestring French fries from frozen Great Value - Walmart brand 4 106 78-121
Straight cut French fries from frozen No name - Loblaw's brand 4 533 413-667
Shoestring French fries from frozen No name - Loblaw's brand 4 627 489-739
Straight cut French fries from frozen McCain 8 113 48-280
Crinkle cut French fries from frozen McCain 4 60 34-102
Shoestring French fries from frozen McCain 2 41 36-46
Shoestring coated French fries from frozen McCain 4 48 20-62
Fruits, vegetables and nuts
Dried pears N/A (bulk) 1 < 10 --
Dried plums Yong Xing 1 < 10 --
Preserved plums N/A (bulk) 1 < 10 --
Organic pitted prunes Sunridge Farms 1 58 --
Pitted prunes N/A (bulk) 2 87 73-101
Prunes without pits N/A (bulk) 1 332 --
Smoked plum soup King Kung 1 53 --
International Kalamata olives Ziggy's - Loblaw's brand 3 < 10 < 10
Greek Kalamata olives Sardo 3 < 10 < 10
Super colossal pitted ripe olives Unico 9 60 50-67
Pitted black olives Pastene 4 470 260-668
Medium pitted ripe black olives Sardo 4 261 238-319
Medium pitted ripe black olives Unico 4 494 345-622
Smooth peanut butter Kraft 4 122 119-125
Smooth peanut butter Selection - Metro brand 4 99 60-133
Smooth peanut butter Skippy (Unilever) 4 85 75-95
Crunchy peanut butter N/A (bulk) 2 99 98-99
Salted almonds Planters 6 657 597-704
Roasted almonds with sea salt Trophy 9 622 542-749
Roasted cashews Compliments - Sobeys' brand 4 39 28-48
Salted cashews Planters 7 23 17-30
Roasted and salted peanuts Great Value - Walmart brand 4 31 30-32
Cocktail peanuts Planters 10 32 24-41
Meat products
Chicken nuggets, restaurant Kentucky Fried Chicken 4 36 30-40
Chicken nuggets, restaurant McDonald's 4 37 30-43
Chicken nuggets, restaurant Wendy's 4 27 21-34
Chicken breast nuggets pub style from frozen Janes 2 32 31-32
Chicken breast pub strips from frozen Janes 2 38 37-38
Chicken nuggets from frozen No name - Loblaw's brand 1 36 --
Chicken nuggets from frozen President's Choice - Loblaw's brand 4 41 38-45
Pizza
Pizza, restaurant Pizza Hut 4 13 < 10-15
Pizza, restaurant Pizza Pizza 4 30 14-42
Delissio thin and crispy crust pizza from frozen Kraft 2 18 16-20
Pepperoni pizza from frozen No name - Loblaw's brand 2 15 14-16
Traditional crust pepperoni pizza from frozen McCain 2 < 10 < 10
Snack foods
Crispy cake rusk TWI Foods 1 75 --
Smartfood white cheddar popcorn Frito Lay 4 151 145-159
Original popcorn Neal Brothers 3 274 248-303
White cheddar popcorn Neal Brothers 2 223 200-205
Popcorn Papa Jack 4 234 205-268
Curry flavoured shrimp chips Brilliant 1 < 10 --
Grill-A-Corn garlic toast flavoured chips Calbee 1 324 --
Doritos nacho cheese corn chips Frito Lay 9 287 251-308
Tostitos restaurant style corn chips Frito Lay 9 459 429-495
Sun Chips, multigrain Frito Lay 7 153 109-213
Restaurant style tortilla chips Great Value - Walmart brand 6 48 34-64
Restaurant style tortilla chips President's Choice - Loblaw's brand 9 192 67-357
Honey BBQ chicken wing potato chips Calbee 1 808 --
Regular potato chips Compliments - Sobeys' brand 6 632 566-687
Sweet potato, cinnamon and brown sugar chips Covered Bridge 4 1893 1419-2924
Lay's Baked Original potato chips Frito Lay 6 225 187-274
Lay's Classic potato chips Frito Lay 12 309 61-601
Ruffles potato chips Frito Lay 9 293 179-376
Kettle cooked original potato chips Irresistibles - Metro brand 4 801 477-1105
Kettle potato chips Kettle 3 3203 2490-4660
Kettle salted potato chips Kettle 6 364 278-434
Old Fashioned sea salt potato chips President's Choice - Loblaw's brand 6 485 364-617
Ripple cut potato chips No Name - Loblaw's brand 3 328 323-335
Miss Vickie's Original Recipe potato chips Miss Vickie's 8 470 404-559
Pringles potato chips Pringles 9 322 234-459
Baked Original potato chips Selection - Metro brand 6 232 149-319
Sweet potato chips Terra 4 1833 1560-2100
Regular potato chips No Name - Loblaw's brand 3 659 617-680
Rold Gold classic style tiny twists pretzels Frito Lay 9 160 131-193
Multigrain alphabet pretzels President's Choice - Loblaw's brand 9 150 115-210
Salted, not roasted sunflower kernels Stock & Barrel 1 16 --
Roasted salted sunflower seeds N/A (bulk) 1 23 --
Moong Dal Bikanervala Foods 1 38 --
Bikaneri Bhujia Bikanervala Foods 1 54 --
Papri mixture Bikanervala Foods 1 71 --
Kurkure masala munch Pepsico Frito Lay 1 67 --
Spicy chick pea puffs Surati Sweet Mart 1 41 --
Sooji gol gappa pani puri phuchka Mampster 1 208 --