First introduced to Canada in 1974, the National Nutritious Food Basket (NNFB) is used by stakeholders at various levels of government to monitor the cost and affordability of healthy eating. The NNFB describes the quantity (and purchase units) of approximately 60 foods that represent a nutritious diet for individuals in various age and gender groups. Stakeholders use this information to collect the price of the items and determine the cost of the basket for each age and gender group.
Health Canada has recently updated the 1998 version of the NNFB. The 2008 National Nutritious Food Basket is based on the latest dietary guidance (Dietary Reference Intakes and Eating Well with Canada's Food Guide), as well as food consumption data (Canadian Community Health Survey, Cycle 2.2, Nutrition).