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First Nations & Inuit Health

Keeping Safe - Injury Prevention

Injuries are the leading cause of death for First Nations people age 1-44. In Inuit regions, injuries are the leading cause of premature death. There are two types of injuries; unintentional and intentional.

Unintentional injuries happen when a person is hurt by mistake. Almost all unintentional injuries can be prevented - there is no such thing as an accident!

Intentional injuries are a result of physically hurting yourself or another person on purpose, such as suicide or assault. For more information on intentional injuries, see suicide prevention.

Why is Injury Prevention So Important for First Nations People and Inuit?

Twenty-six percent of all deaths among First Nations people are caused by injuries, compared to six percent of deaths caused by injuries within the Canadian population. In Canada, injuries are the leading cause of death among people age 1 to 44.

How Does Health Canada Promote Safety in First Nations and Inuit Communities?

Health Canada is dedicated to helping First Nations people and Inuit care for, improve and maintain their health. The Department works closely with First Nations and Inuit organizations and communities to develop activities and programs to prevent injuries. Health Canada also offers unique programs and services to reflect First Nations and Inuit cultures. These programs respect individual physical, mental, emotional and spiritual needs, as well as family and community backgrounds.

Injury prevention education is important. It is taught at both the Aboriginal Head Start program and the Brighter Futures program to help First Nation and Inuit children understand the importance of injury prevention from an early age.

For more information on injury prevention activities, contact your Injury Prevention - Regional Office.

What Information is Available?

This section provides information on unintentional injury prevention and how to stay safe. For more information on specific types of injuries, visit one of the subjects below:

Link to " Safety in Your Surroundings "
Link to " Preventing Bodily Harm "
  • Falls Prevention;
  • Fire Safety;
  • Poison Prevention;
  • Road Safety;
  • Suffocation Hazards for Children; and
  • Water Safety.