Brighter Futures and Building Healthy Communities
The Brighter Futures program and the Building
Healthy Communities program were introduced in the early 1990's
(1992 and 1994 respectively) to assist First Nations and Inuit communities
to develop community-based approaches to better health.
Currently, the majority of First Nations and Inuit communities receive Brighter
Futures and/or Building Healthy Communities program funding.
The Brighter Futures program is a community-based health promotion
and ill-health prevention program for First Nations and Inuit communities.
The program typically, promotes health and prevents ill-health through
learning-related activities that strive to increase awareness, change
attitudes, build knowledge and enhance skills.
The program is made up of five components-mental health, child development,
parenting, healthy babies and injury prevention. First Nations and
Inuit communities have the flexibility to determine which program component(s)
to provide community-based programs, services and/or activities in.
- Mental Health
The goal of this component is to promote the development
of healthy communities through community-based mental health programs,
services and/or activities. Information and awareness activities
on a variety of topics (ex.: depression, family violence and stress
management), counselling services and wellness activities (ex.: a
course in traditional shawl making and recreational activities) are
some of the ways communities have promoted the health of their community.
- Child Development
This component aims to ensure that children receive the nurturing
they need to reach their full potential. A wide
variety of community-based programs and activities have been funded
under this component, such as school breakfast programs, a math
learning program, a parent-child crafts program, after-school programs
(ex.: a drama club and a computer club), school-based "Stop
Bullying" sessions, cultural heritage activities (ex.: teaching
of traditional throat singing) and toy lending libraries.
The aim of this component is to promote culturally-sensitive
parenting skills. A variety of activities have been funded through
this component and include parenting workshops, parenting training
programs (for example, the "Nobody's
Perfect" parenting program) and a support group for parents
of children with Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder.
- Healthy Babies
To improve the health and well-being of mothers and babies
is the aim of this component. A variety of activities are eligible
for funding, such as pre- and post-pregnancy services and pregnancy-related
education. For instance, education about breastfeeding, the importance
of healthy eating, regular medical examinations and the avoidance
of drugs, alcohol and tobacco during pregnancy are all examples of
pregnancy-related education activities.
- Injury Prevention
As the title suggests, the goal of this component is to
prevent injuries. Examples of activities funded include first-aid
and CPR training, water, fire and bicycle safety workshops, awareness
campaigns and promotion of the use of seat belts and car seats.
The Brighter Futures program is guided by the
- A holistic approach is essential to support First Nations and
Inuit individuals, families and communities;
- A holistic approach is best achieved when the five components
of the program-mental health, child development, parenting, healthy
babies and injury prevention-are coordinated and linked with each
other, as well as with other programs and services;
- Including community members in the design of a program increases
the likelihood of meeting the community's needs;
- Program designs that are community-based are more likely to meet
the needs of the community;
- Program design should occur at a pace determined by the community;
- A more comprehensive health program is achieved when a continuum
of programs and services are offered, from health promotion and ill-health
prevention to intervention and rehabilitation.
Building Healthy Communities
The Building Healthy Communities program is designed to assist First
Nations and Inuit communities to develop community-based approaches
to youth solvent abuse and mental health crises, the two components
of the program. First Nations and Inuit communities have the flexibility
to determine which program component(s) to provide community-based
programs, services and/or activities in.
- Solvent Abuse
The solvent abuse component enables First Nations and Inuit
communities to develop local programs aimed at preventing the abuse
of solvents and to intervene as needed, which could involve residential
treatment. To deliver such programs requires people who are trained,
so training-related activities are also eligible for funding.
- Mental Health Crisis Management
This component is designed to complement the mental health
promotion and prevention activities of the Brighter Futures program.
It enables First Nations and Inuit communities to respond to crises,
such as suicide, as well as to heal from them. It also enables communities
to receive crisis-related training, such as suicide prevention training.
The Brighter Futures and Building Healthy Communities programs were
evaluated for the first time between November 2003 and December 2004.
A literature review, file review, survey of program administrators
and workers were used to gather data for the evaluation. Information
was also obtained from key informant interviews in 23 First Nations
and Inuit communities and focus groups in the eight regions across
From the data gathered, the following key findings emerged:
- The Brighter Futures and Building Healthy Communities programs
continue to be relevant to the needs of First Nations people and
- The programs are generally successful in what they do. Some communities
need assistance in program design, delivery and reporting, which
tends to focus on transactions and events, rather than on the actual
performance and impact of the program; and
- The majority of respondents thought that the flexibility communities
have in directing resources to address their particular needs was
critical to the programs' success. This flexibility helped glue together
the various parts of their programs and services, and gave people
a sense of ownership and trust in their programs.
Brighter Futures and Building Health Communities Initiatives - Evaluation
Summary is available which outlines:
- How the evaluation was conducted;
- Evaluation findings for:
- Services and activities
- Mental health
- Child development
- Injury prevention
- Healthy babies
- Solvent abuse
- The relevance, success and effectiveness of the Brighter Futures
and Building Healthy Communities; and