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First Nations and Inuit Health

Drinking Water Advisories in First Nations Communities

Short and long term drinking water advisories that are in place in First Nation communities on reserve located south of the 60 degree parallel in Canada.

As of March 31, 2016, there were 133 Drinking Water Advisories in effect in 89 First Nation communities across Canada, excluding British Columbia.

Note: Health Canada no longer reports drinking water advisories in British Columbia First Nations. More information on drinking water advisories in British Columbia First Nations.

Drinking water advisories are preventive measures put in place to protect public health from drinking water that could be contaminated. In a First Nation community, a drinking water advisory can affect as little as one building and does not always represent a community-wide drinking water problem.

There are three types of drinking water advisories:

  • Boil Water Advisories/Orders (BWAs/BWOs)
  • Do Not Consume Advisories/Orders (DNCAs/DNCOs), also called Do Not Drink Advisories/Orders (DNDAs/DNDOs)
  • Do Not Use Advisories/Orders (DNUAs/DNUOs)

Drinking water advisories are put in place for various reasons. For instance, a community may issue an advisory if there are problems in the overall water system, such as line breaks, equipment failure, or poor filtration/disinfection during water treatment.

Communities may also choose to issue a drinking water advisory as a precautionary measure, such as when there are emergency repairs in the water distribution system or if a community does not have a trained Water System Operator or Community-based Drinking Water Quality Monitor in place.

For more information, please contact: FNIHB_DrinkingWater.DGSPNI_EauPotable@hc-sc.gc.ca

Drinking water advisories

First Nation Community System Name Type of Advisory Date Set
(YYYY/MM/DD)
Date Revoked
(YYYY/MM/DD)
Population
Eel ground Big Hole Tract Big Hole Tract Public Water System BWA 2008/10/08 None 0-100 people
Indian Island Indian Island Indian Island Band Office/Health Centre Semi-Public Water System BWA 2005/04/07 None unknown
Miawpukek Conne River Conne River Public Water System BWA 2014/09/10 None 501-1000 people
Mushuau Innu Natuashish Natusashish Public Water System BWA 2016/02/28 None 501-1000 people
Pabineau Pabineau Pabineau Public Water System BWA 2005/06/01 None 0-100 people
Potlotek Potlotek Potlotek Public Water System BWA 2015/02/13 None 501-1000 people
First Nation Community System Name Type of Advisory Date Set
(YYYY/MM/DD)
Date Revoked
(YYYY/MM/DD)
Population
Algonquine/Kitigan Zibi Kitigan Zibi Nicolas Stevens Center Semi-Public Water System DNC DNC 1999/08/12 None unknown
Algonquine/Kitigan Kitigan Zibi Zibi Pakinawatik School Semi-Public Water System DNC 1999/08/12 None unknown
Algonquine/Kitigan Kitigan Zibi Zibi Wanaki Treatment Centre Semi-Public Water System DNC 1999/08/12 None unknown
Pessamit (Betsiamites) Pessamit (Betsiamites) Pessamit Public Water System BWA 2016/03/02 2016/03/04 unknown
Unamen Shipu (La Romaine) Unamen Shipu (La Romaine) Unamen Public Water System BWA 2016/03/03 2016/03/04 unknown
W˘linak W˘linak W˘linak Public Water System BWA 2016/03/03 2016/03/11 unknown
First Nation Community System Name Type of Advisory Date Set
(YYYY/MM/DD)
Date Revoked
(YYYY/MM/DD)
Population
Moose Factory
Attawapiskat Attawapiskat Attawapiskat Public Water System BWA 2016/03/12 None 1001-5000 people
Taykwa Tagamou Nation Taykwa Tagamou Taykwa Tagamou Public Water System BWA 2011/04/14 None 0-100 people
Weenusk Peawanuck Peawanuck Public Water System BWA 2006/02/15 None 101-500 people
Sioux Lookout
Bearskin Lake Bearskin Lake Bearskin Lake Community Centre/Youth Centre Semi-Public Water System (Non-Transient) DNC 2006/03/21 None unknown
Bearskin Lake Bearskin Lake Bearskin Lake Public Water System BWA 2015/11/24 None 101-500 people
Cat Lake Cat Lake Cat Lake Children's Healing Centre Semi-Public Water System (Non-Transient) BWA 2006/10/13 None unknown
Cat Lake Cat Lake Cat Lake Northern Store Semi-Public Water System BWA 2007/03/20 None unknown
Deer Lake Deer Lake (2) Nursing Station Semi-Public Water System (Non-Transient) BWA 2001/11/01 None unknown
Eabametoong Eabametoong Eabametoong Public Water System BWA 2001/08/01 None 1001-5000 people
Fort Severn Fort Severn Fort Severn Public Water System BWA 2016/03/14 None 101-500 people
Koocheching Koocheching Koocheching Public Water System BWA 2009/10/19 None 0-100 people
Lac Seul Kejick Bay Kejick Bay Public Water System BWA 2003/02/14 None unknown
Mishkeegogamang Mishkeegogamang New Plant Public Water System BWA 2016/03/09 None 1001-5000 people
Mishkeegogamang Mishkeegogamang New Plant Public Water System BWA 2016/02/02 2016/02/02 1001-5000 people
Mishkeegogamang Mishkeegogamang Ten Houses Public Water System BWA 2015/03/09 None 101-500 people
Muskrat Dam Lake Muskrat Dam Muskrat Dam Public Water System BWA 2003/10/24 None 101-500 people
Neskantaga Neskantaga Neskantaga Public Water System BWA 1995/02/01 None 101-500 people
Nibinamik Nibinamik Nibinamik Public Water System BWA 2013/02/05 None 101-500 people
North Caribou Lake North Caribou Lake North Caribou Lake Public Water System BWA 2016/02/19 2016/02/29 501-1000 people
North Spirit Lake North Spirit Lake North Spirit Lake Public Water System BWA 2001/08/01 None 101-500 people
Ojibway Nation of Saugeen Saugeen Saugeen school Semi-Public Water System BWA 2015/02/20 None unknown
Pikangikum Pikangikum Police Station Semi-Public Water System (Non-Transient) BWA 2006/09/21 None unknown
Sachigo Lake Sachigo Lake Sachigo Lake Public Water System BWA 2016/02/29 None 101-500 people
Sandy Lake Sandy Lake Sandy Lake Public Water System BWA 2002/10/10 None 1001-5000 people
Slate Falls Nation New Slate Falls Band office/Clinic Semi-Public Water System (Non-transient) BWA 2004/07/07 None unknown
Slate Falls Nation New Slate Falls Pumphouse No. 1 Public Water System BWA 2004/07/07 None 0-100 people
Slate Falls Nation New Slate Falls Pumphouse No. 2 Public Water System BWA 2004/07/07 None 0-100 people
Slate Falls Nation New Slate Falls Pumphouse No. 3 Public Water System BWA 2004/07/07 None 0-100 people
Slate Falls Nation New Slate Falls Pumphouse No. 4 Public Water System BWA 2004/07/07 None 0-100 people
Slate Falls Nation New Slate Falls Pumphouse No. 5 Public Water System BWA 2004/07/07 None 0-100 people
Slate Falls Nation New Slate Falls Pumphouse No. 6 Public Water System BWA 2004/07/07 None 0-100 people
Slate Falls Nation New Slate Falls Pumphouse No. 7 Public Water System BWA 2004/07/07 None 0-100 people
Slate Falls Nation New Slate Falls Pumphouse No. 8 Public Water System BWA 2004/07/07 None 0-100 people
Slate Falls Nation New Slate Falls Pumphouse No. 9 Public Water System BWA 2004/07/07 None 0-100 people
Slate Falls Nation New Slate Falls Warehouse Semi-Public Water System (Non-transient) BWA 2004/07/07 None unknown
Wabauskang Wabauskang Wabauskang Public Water System BWA 2014/12/15 None 101-500 people
Wawakapewin Long Dog Long Dog Public Water System BWA 2004/03/03 None 0-100 people
Southern
Alderville Alderville Alderville Anishnaa Kwewag Gamig Services Semi-Public Water System (Non-Transient) BWA 2016/01/28 None unknown
Algonquins of Pikwakanagan Golden Lake Makwa Development Corporation Semi-Public Water System (Non-transient) BWA 2008/07/11 None unknown
Curve Lake Curve Lake Curve Lake Daycare/Band Infant/Toddler Semi-Public Water System BWA 2016/02/17 None unknown
Curve Lake Curve Lake Curve Lake Public Water System BWA 2016/01/06 2016/03/04 101-500 people
Curve Lake Curve Lake Curve Lake Small Business Centre Semi-Public Water System (Non-Transient) BWA 2015/08/14 None unknown
Hiawatha Hiawatha Hiawatha Park Campground Semi-Public Water System (Transient) BWA 2008/07/07 None unknown
Hiawatha Hiawatha Hiawatha Church Semi-Public Water System (Non-Transient) BWA 2015/06/11 None unknown
Mississauga's of Scugog Island Scugog Scugog Apartments Well House 3 Public Water System BWA 2008/10/23 None 0-100 people
Mississauga's of Scugog Island Scugog Scugog Band Office Semi-Public Water System (Non-Transient) BWA 2008/10/23 None unknown
Mississauga's of Scugog Island Scugog Scugog Community Water System 1 Public Water System BWA 2008/10/23 None 0-100 people
Mississauga's of Scugog Island Scugog Scugog Community Water System 2 Public Water System BWA 2008/10/23 None 0-100 people
Mississauga's of Scugog Island Scugog Scugog Health Centre Semi-Public Water System BWA 2008/10/23 None unknown
Mohawks of the Bay of Quinte Tyendinaga All MBQ Semi-Public Water System (Non-Transient) BWA 2008/06/06 None unknown
Mohawks of the Bay of Quinte Tyendinaga All MBQ Semi-Public Water System (Transient) BWA 2008/06/06 None unknown
Mohawks of the Bay of Quinte Tyendinaga MBQ Airport Public Water System BWA 2003/10/17 None 0-100 people
Mohawks of the Bay of Quinte Tyendinaga MBQ Bayview Variety Apartments Public Water System BWA 2008/06/06 None 0-100 people
Mohawks of the Bay of Quinte Tyendinaga MBQ Clifford Maracle's Well Public Water Supply BWA 2012/01/20 None 0-100 people
Mohawks of the Bay of Quinte Tyendinaga MBQ Mohawk Bible College Public Water System BWA 2008/06/06 None 0-100 people
Mohawks of the Bay of Quinte Tyendinaga MBQ Trailer Park Public Water System BWA 2008/06/06 None 0-100 people
Wahta Mohawk Wahta PWS Administration/ Community Centre Semi-Public Water System DNC 2013/09/11 None unknown
Thunder Bay
Animakee Wa Zhing #37 Animakee Wa Zhing #37 Regina Bay Regina Bay Public Water System BWA 2002/09/26 None 101-500 people
Animakee Wa Zhing #37 Animakee Wa Zhing #37 Windigo Island Windigo Island Public Water System BWA 2015/02/09 None 0-100 people
Aroland Aroland Aroland Public Water System BWA 2016/03/09 2016/03/21 101-500 people
Aroland Aroland O'Sullivan Lake Gas Bar Semi-Public Water System (Non-transient) BWA 2008/09/04 None unknown
Biinjitiwaabik Zaaging Anishinaabek Rocky Bay First Nation Rocky Bay Public Water System BWA 2015/08/10 None 101-500 people
Constance Lake Constance Lake Constance Lake Public Water System BWA 2014/04/10 None 501-1000 people
Grassy Narrows Grassy Narrows First Nation Grassy Narrows Public Water System BWA 2014/06/27 None 501-1000 people
Grassy Narrows Grassy Narrows First Nation Mission Well Public Water System DNC 2013/05/24 None 0-100 people
Grassy Narrows Grassy Narrows First Nation Snake Point Well Public Water System DNC 2013/05/24 None 0-100 people
Grassy Narrows Grassy Narrows First Nation Teacherage Well Public Water System DNC 2013/05/24 None 0-100 people
Kiashke Zaaging Anishinaabek Gull Bay Gull Bay Public Water System BWA 2009/04/30 None 101-500 people
Marten Falls Marten Falls First Nation Marten Falls Public Water System BWA 2005/07/18 None 101-500 people
Mitaanjigaming First Nation Mitaanjigaming First Nation Mitaanjigaming Public Water System BWA BWA 2016/02/15 2016/03/02 0-100 people
Naicatchewenin Naicatchewenin Naicatchewenin Public Water System BWA 2016/03/16 2016/03/22 0-100 people
Northwest Angle No. 33 N.W. Angle 33 Angle Inlet East Pumphouse Plant Public Water System BWA 2011/04/11 None 0-100 people
Northwest Angle No. 33 N.W. Angle 33 Angle Inlet Elsie Blackhawk Pumphouse Public Water System BWA 2011/04/11 None 0-100 people
Northwest Angle No. 33 N.W. Angle 33 Angle Inlet West Pumphouse Plant Public Water System BWA 2011/04/11 2016/02/12 0-100 people
Northwest Angle No. 33 N.W. Angle 33 Angle Inlet West Pumphouse Plant Public Water System DNC 2016/02/12 None 0-100 people
Obashkaanda Gaang Washagamis Bay Washagamis Bay East Public Water System BWA 2008/12/19 None 0-100 people
Obashkaanda Gaang Washagamis Bay Washagamis Bay West Public Water System BWA 2008/12/19 None 0-100 people
Pic Mobert Pic Mobert Pic Mobert North - Upper Reserve Public Water System BWA 2010/01/29 None unknown
Pic Mobert Pic Mobert Pic Mobert South - Lower Reserve Public Water System BWA 2008/02/26 None 101-500 people
Serpent River Serpent River Serpent River Public Water System (2015) BWA 2015/09/01 None unknown
Shoal Lake No. 40 Shoal Lake No. 40 Pumphouse No. 1 Public Water System BWA 1997/02/18 None 0-100 people
Shoal Lake No. 40 Shoal Lake No. 40 Pumphouse No. 2 Public Water System BWA 1997/02/18 None 0-100 people
Shoal Lake No. 40 Shoal Lake No. 40 Pumphouse No. 3 Public Water System BWA 1997/02/18 None 0-100 people
Shoal Lake No. 40 Shoal Lake No. 40 Pumphouse No. 4 Public Water System BWA 1997/02/18 None 0-100 people
Shoal Lake No. 40 Shoal Lake No. 40 Pumphouse No. 5 Public Water System BWA 1997/02/18 None 0-100 people
Shoal Lake No. 40 Shoal Lake No. 40 Pumphouse No. 9 Public Water System BWA 1997/02/18 None 0-100 people
Shoal Lake No. 40 Shoal Lake No. 40 School Pumphouse Public Water System BWA 1997/02/18 None 0-100 people
Wabaseemoong Indep Nation Wabaseemoong Whitedog Public Water System BWA 2016/03/13 2016/03/24 501-1000 people
Wauzhushk Onigum Wauzhushk Onigum - Rat Portage Bald Indian Bay Public Water System BWA 2012/05/11 None 0-100 people
Wauzhushk Onigum Wauzhushk Onigum - Rat Portage Migisi Treatment System Semi-Public Water System (Non-Transient) BWA 2008/05/26 None unknown
First Nation Community System Name Type of Advisory Date Set
(YYYY/MM/DD)
Date Revoked
(YYYY/MM/DD)
Population
Canupawakpa Dakota Canupawakpa Dakota Canupawakpa Community Complex/DOCFS/DOPS BWA 2015/06/03 None 101-500 people
God's Lake God's Lake God's Lake Austin Nazzie Pump House Public Water System DNC 2014/04/14 None 0-100 people
Hollow Water Hollow Water Hollow Water Public Water System BWA 2016/03/08 None 501 - 1000 people
Lake Manitoba First Nation Lake Manitoba First Nation Lake Manitoba Public Water System BWA 2016/03/23 None 101-500 people
Pauingassi Pauingassi Pauingassi Public Water System BWA 2014/09/24 None 501-1000 people
Pinaymootang Fairford Pinay Gas Bar Semi-Public Water System (Non-Transient) DNC 2012/08/24 None unknown
Pinaymootang Fairford Pinaymootang Arena Semi-Public Water System (Non-Transient) BWA 2015/08/17 None unknown
Shamattawa Shamattawa Shamattawa Public Water System BWA 2015/11/06 None 1001-5000 people
Swan Lake First Nation Swan Lake First Nation Band Office Public Water System BWA 2016/03/12 2016/03/16 0-100 people
Wuskwi Sipihk Indian Birch Wuskwi Sipihk Public Water System BWA 2014/04/24 None 0-100 people

The listing for Saskatchewan does not include advisories issued in First Nation communities that are members of the Saskatoon Tribal Council

First Nation Community System Name Type of Advisory Date Set
(YYYY/MM/DD)
Date Revoked
(YYYY/MM/DD)
Population
Big Island Lake Cree Nation Big Island Big Island Lake Public Water System BWA 2013/08/20 None 501-1000 people
Black Lake Denesuline Nation Stoney Rapids Black Lake Public Water System BWA 2016/02/12 2016/02/19 0-100 people
Clearwater River The Landing The Landing Public Water System BWA 2006/04/24 None 0-100 people
Cowessess Cowessess Cowessess Public Water System BWA 016/03/11 016/03/23 101-500 people
Cumberland House Cumberland House Halfway Point Subdivision: Gas station/convenience store BWO 2003/01/01 None 0-100 people
Cumberland House Cumberland House Cumberland House Public Water System BWA 2015/03/18 None 501-1000 people
Kahkewistahaw Kahkewistahaw Kahkewistahaw Public Water System BWA 2015/06/03 None 101-500 people
Ministikwan Lake Cree Nation Mudie Lake Mudie Lake Public Water System BWA 2014/08/14 None 101-500 people
Ministikwan Lake Cree Nation Ministikwan Lake Ministikwan Lake Public Water System BWA 2016/01/29 None 501-1000 people
Muskowekwan Muskowekwan Muskowekwan Public Water System BWA 2016/01/19 None 101-500 people
Nekaneet Nekaneet Nekaneet Public Water System BWA 2013/08/26 None 101-500 people
Nekaneet Upper Camp Upper Camp Public Water System BWA 2013/08/26 None 0-100 people
Peepeekisis Peepeekisis Poitras Well BWA 2013/04/10 None 0-100 people
Peepeekisis Peepeekisis Peepeekis Main Public Water System BWA 2015/02/05 None 101-500 people
Peter Ballantyne Cree Nation Pelican Narrows Pelican Narrows Semi-Public Water System BWA 2015/08/25 None unknown
Peter Ballantyne Cree Nation Opawakoscikan Reserve #201 Opawakoscikan Reserve #201 Public Water System BWA 2016/03/16 None 0-100 people
Poundmaker TLE community TLE Community Public Water System BWA 2006/12/15 None 0-100 people
Poundmaker Poundmaker Poundmaker Public Water System (low pressure distribution system only) BWO 2009/08/19 None 0-100 people
Shoal Lake Shoal Lake Shoal Lake Public Water System BWA 2016/03/01 2016/03/04 501-1000 people
Star Blanket Star Blanket Star Blanket Public Water System BWA 2007/01/10 None 501-1000 people
Sturgeon Lake Sturgeon Lake Sturgeon Lake Public Water System BWA 2015/08/24 None 1001-5000 people
Sweetgrass Sweetgrass Sweetgrass Public Water System BWA 2002/01/11 None 0-100 people
White Bear White Bear White Bear Public Water System BWA 2011/09/20 None 501-1000 people
First Nation Community System Name Type of Advisory Date Set
(YYYY/MM/DD)
Date Revoked
(YYYY/MM/DD)
Population
Alexis Alexis Alexis Island Well Semi-Public Water System BWA 2007/08/21 2016/03/31 unknown
Atikameg Atikameg Atikameg Public Water Supply BWA 2016/03/31 None 501-1000 people
Beaver - Boyer River Beaver - Boyer River Boyer River Public Water System BWA 2016/03/07 2016/03/14 unknown
Frog Lake Frog Lake Frog Lake Head Start Building Semi-Public Water Supply BWA 2016/02/25 None unknown
Kapawen'o Kapawen'o-The Narrows Narrow's Semi Public Water System BWA 2009/09/29 None unknown
Kehewin Kehewin Kehewin Public Water System BWA 2011/04/23 None 1001-5000 people
Little Red River - John D'or Little Red River - John D'or John D'or Prairie Public Water Supply BWA 2016/01/15 016/03/04 501-1000 people
Paul Paul Paul Public Water System BWA 2016/03/22 2016/03/25 501-1000 people
Pigeon Lake Pigeon Lake Ma-Me-O Campground 2 Semi-Public Water System BWA 2010/07/15 None unknown
Saddle Lake Saddle Lake Saddle Lake Public Water System BWA 2016/02/25 2016/03/11 501-1000 people
Samson Samson Full Gospel Fellowship Church Semi-Public Water System BWA 2011/07/21 None unknown
Stoney-Morley Stoney-Morley Morley-Bearspaw Riding Arena Semi-Public Water System BWA 2015/10/08 None unknown
Sturgeon Lake Sturgeon Lake Timberwolf Store Semi-Public Water System BWA 2015/10/22 2016/02/29 unknown
Sturgeon Lake Sturgeon Lake Western Cree Complex SL Resources Semi-Public Water System BWA 2015/10/19 None unknown
Sucker Creek Sucker Creek Sucker Creek Multi-Purpose Complex and health centre Semi-Public Water System BWA 2016/02/10 None 0-100 people
Sucker Creek Sucker Creek Ray's Gas Bar Semi Public Water System BWA 2015/02/09 None unknown
Woodland Cree Woodland Cree Marten Lake Community Hall Semi-Public Water System BWA 2016/02/05 None unknown
Whitefish Lake Atikameg Whitefish River Public Water System BWA 2011/05/24 None 101-500 people

More information on drinking water advisories in British Columbia First Nations

As part of the British Columbia Tripartite Framework Agreement on First Nation Health Governance, on October 1st 2013, Health Canada transferred its role in the design, management, and delivery of First Nations health programming in British Columbia to the new First Nations Health Authority (FNHA). Therefore, Health Canada no longer reports drinking water advisories in BC First Nations.