There are many different types of cancers. All of them are characterized by uncontrolled growth and spread of abnormal cells in some part of the body.
An estimated 153,100 new cases of cancer and 70,400 deaths from cancer will occur in Canada in 2006. The most frequently diagnosed cancer will continue to be breast cancer for women and prostate cancer for men. The leading cause of cancer death for both sexes continues to be lung cancer.
Health Canada, in partnership with the Public Health Agency of Canada, continues to monitor this disease, identifying the trends and the risk factors, developing programs to reduce cancer risks, and undertaking research to evaluate risks from the environment and behaviours.
There are many known risk factors for cancer:
For more information about cancer, call the Canadian Cancer Society's Cancer Information Service toll-free at 1-888-939-3333.