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Health Concerns

Canadian Tobacco Use Monitoring Survey (CTUMS)

Smoking Prevalence 1999 - 2012


Wave 1, 1999
Province Age Group
15+
(%)
15-19
(%)
20-24
(%)
15-24
(%)
25+
(%)
CANADA 25 28 34 31 24
N.L. 28 30 36 33 26
P.E.I. 27 27 40 33 26
N.S. 29 30 36 33 28
N.B. 28 26 39 33 27
Que. 28 36 39 38 26
Ont. 24 24 30 27 23
Man. 23 30 35 32 21
Sask. 25 34 36 35 23
Alta. 27 25 42 33 26
B.C. 20 23 26 25 19

Wave 2, 1999
Province Age Group
15+
(%)
15-19
(%)
20-24
(%)
15-24
(%)
25+
(%)
CANADA 26 28 36 32 24
N.L. 29 29 39 34 28
P.E.I. 24 29 35 32 22
N.S. 29 30 37 33 28
N.B. 25 29 33 31 24
Que. 32 36 39 38 31
Ont. 23 25 37 31 22
Man. 23 29 31 30 22
Sask. 26 30 29 29 26
Alta. 25 27 38 33 23
B.C. 21 18 32 25 20

Annual, 1999
Province Age Group
15+
(%)
15-19
(%)
20-24
(%)
15-24
(%)
25+
(%)
CANADA 25 28 35 32 24
N.L. 28 30 37 33 27
P.E.I. 26 28 37 33 24
N.S. 29 30 37 33 28
N.B. 26 27 36 32 25
Que. 30 36 39 38 29
Ont. 23 25 34 29 22
Man. 23 29 32 31 22
Sask. 26 31 32 32 24
Alta. 26 26 40 33 24
B.C. 20 20 29 25 19

Wave 1, 2000
Province Age Group
15+
(%)
15-19
(%)
20-24
(%)
15-24
(%)
25+
(%)
CANADA 24 26 33 29 23
N.L. 27 31 42 36 25
P.E.I. 28 22 35 28 28
N.S. 30 31 35 33 30
N.B. 26 32 33 32 25
Que. 28 28 39 34 27
Ont. 23 27 29 28 21
Man. 25 30 33 32 24
Sask. 28 29 33 31 28
Alta. 23 17 34 26 22
B.C. 20 20 29 24 19

Wave 2, 2000
Province Age Group
15+
(%)
15-19
(%)
20-24
(%)
15-24
(%)
25+
(%)
CANADA 25 25 32 28 24
N.L. 29 26 39 32 28
P.E.I. 24 21 37 29 23
N.S. 30 20 40 30 30
N.B. 26 29 38 33 25
Que. 29 31 38 34 28
Ont. 23 23 28 26 23
Man. 26 22 39 30 25
Sask. 28 20 39 29 27
Alta. 23 30 26 28 21
B.C. 19 17 27 22 19

Annual, 2000
Province Age Group
15+
(%)
15-19
(%)
20-24
(%)
15-24
(%)
25+
(%)
CANADA 24 25 32 29 24
N.L. 28 28 40 34 26
P.E.I. 26 21 36 29 25
N.S. 30 25 37 31 30
N.B. 27 30 36 33 25
Que. 28 30 38 34 27
Ont. 23 25 28 27 22
Man. 26 25 37 31 25
Sask. 28 24 36 30 28
Alta. 23 24 29 27 22
B.C. 20 18 28 23 19
Wave 1, 2001
Province Age Group
15+
(%)
15-19
(%)
20-24
(%)
15-24
(%)
25+
(%)
CANADA 23 23 34 29 22
N.L. 22 24 42 33 20
P.E.I. 28 24 37 30 27
N.S. 24 27 32 29 23
N.B. 26 26 34 30 25
Que. 26 32 33 33 24
Ont. 22 20 35 27 21
Man. 28 32 44 38 25
Sask. 26 31 40 35 24
Alta. 25 19 37 28 24
B.C. 17 17 24 20 16

Wave 2, 2001
Province Age Group
15+
(%)
15-19
(%)
20-24
(%)
15-24
(%)
25+
(%)
CANADA 21 22 31 26 19
N.L. 28 21 41 31 28
P.E.I. 25 18 33 25 25
N.S. 25 27 31 29 25
N.B. 24 24 44 34 22
Que. 22 25 31 28 21
Ont. 18 18 28 23 17
Man. 24 25 30 27 24
Sask. 24 25 36 30 23
Alta. 25 29 32 31 24
B.C. 17 17 30 23 16

Annual, 2001
Province Age Group
15+
(%)
15-19
(%)
20-24
(%)
15-24
(%)
25+
(%)
CANADA 22 22.5 32 27 21
N.L. 26 22 41 31 24
P.E.I. 26 20 35 27 25
N.S. 25 27 31 29 24
N.B. 25 25 39 32 24
Que. 24 29 32 30 23
Ont. 20 19 31 25 19
Man. 26 28 37 32 24
Sask. 25 27 38 32 24
Alta. 25 24 34 29 24
B.C. 17 17 27 22 16

Wave 1, 2002
Province Age Group
15+
(%)
15-19
(%)
20-24
(%)
15-24
(%)
25+
(%)
  • Moderate sampling variability, interpret with caution.
CANADA 21 22 31 27 20
N.L. 25 22 36 29 24
P.E.I. 23 20 32 25 23
N.S. 22 25 40 32 20
N.B. 22 15 28 22 22
Que. 27 35 36 35 25
Ont. 19 18 29 24 18
Man. 22 17 34 25 22
Sask. 20 28 33 31 17
Alta. 23 20 27 24 22
B.C. 17 14 28 21 16

Wave 2, 2002
Province Age Group
15+
(%)
15-19
(%)
20-24
(%)
15-24
(%)
25+
(%)
  • Moderate sampling variability, interpret with caution.
CANADA 21 22 30 26 20
N.L. 23 22 35 29 22
P.E.I. 23 19 38 28 22
N.S. 28 16 29 22 29
N.B. 20 20 33 26 19
Que. 25 30 36 33 23
Ont. 20 20 29 25 20
Man. 20 28 32 30 18
Sask. 22 29 35 32 20
Alta. 23 18 32 25 22
B.C. 16 16 18 17 16

Annual, 2002
Province Age Group
15+
(%)
15-19
(%)
20-24
(%)
15-24
(%)
25+
(%)
CANADA 21 22 31 26 20
N.L. 24 22 36 29 23
P.E.I. 23 19 35 27 22
N.S. 25 20 34 27 25
N.B. 21 18 31 24 20
Que. 26 32 36 34 24
Ont. 20 19 29 24 19
Man. 21 23 33 28 20
Sask. 21 29 34 32 19
Alta. 23 19 30 24 22
B.C. 16 15 22 18 16
Wave 1, 2003
Province Age Group
15+
(%)
15-19
(%)
20-24
(%)
15-24
(%)
25+
(%)
  • Moderate sampling variability, interpret with caution.
CANADA 20 18 30 24 19
N.L. 23 22 32 27 22
P.E.I. 23 19 33 25 22
N.S. 22 20 29 25 21
N.B. 24 20 31 26 23
Que. 23 27 33 30 21
Ont. 19 13 29 21 18
Man. 21 22 32 27 20
Sask. 21 21 36 28 19
Alta. 21 16 36 27 19
B.C. 16 15 16 15 16

Wave 2, 2003
Province Age Group
15+
(%)
15-19
(%)
20-24
(%)
15-24
(%)
25+
(%)
CANADA 22 19 31 25 21
N.L. 24 21 36 29 23
P.E.I. 21 20 32 26 20
N.S. 22 17 40 28 21
N.B. 25 22 33 28 24
Que. 27 25 38 31 26
Ont. 21 16 30 23 20
Man. 21 18 27 23 21
Sask. 27 34 33 33 25
Alta. 19 20 27 23 18
B.C. 17 12 23 18 17

Annual, 2003
Province Age Group
15+
(%)
15-19
(%)
20-24
(%)
15-24
(%)
25+
(%)
CANADA 21 18 30 25 20
N.L. 23 22 34 28 22
P.E.I. 21 20 32 26 20
N.S. 22 18 35 27 21
N.B. 24 22 32 27 24
Que. 25 26 36 31 23
Ont. 20 14 30 22 19
Man. 21 20 29 25 20
Sask. 24 28 34 31 22
Alta. 20 18 31 25 19
B.C. 16 14 20 17 16

Wave 1, 2004
Province Age Group
15+
(%)
15-19
(%)
20-24
(%)
15-24
(%)
25+
(%)
  • Moderate sampling variability, interpret with caution.
CANADA 20 20 27 24 19
N.L. 22 22 30 26 21
P.E.I. 21 15 32 23 21
N.S. 20 20 34 27 18
N.B. 24 22 36 29 23
Que. 22 26 32 29 21
Ont. 20 20 22 21 20
Man. 19 21 24 23 18
Sask. 21 23 29 26 20
Alta. 20 15 24 20 20
B.C. 16 16 30 23 14

Wave 2, 2004
Province Age Group
15+
(%)
15-19
(%)
20-24
(%)
15-24
(%)
25+
(%)
  • Moderate sampling variability, interpret with caution.
CANADA 19 17 28 23 19
N.L. 21 21 36 28 20
P.E.I. 21 18 30 23 21
N.S. 20 20 31 26 19
N.B. 25 14 30 22 25
Que. 22 22 35 29 21
Ont. 18 14 25 19 18
Man. 22 21 27 24 22
Sask. 22 27 29 28 21
Alta. 20 17 32 25 19
B.C. 15 11 23 17 15

Annual, 2004
Province Age Group
15+
(%)
15-19
(%)
20-24
(%)
15-24
(%)
25+
(%)
CANADA 20 18 28 23 19
N.L. 22 21 34 27 21
P.E.I. 21 17 31 24 21
N.S. 20 20 33 26 19
N.B. 24 18 32 25 24
Que. 22 24 34 29 21
Ont. 19 17 24 20 18
Man. 21 21 26 23 20
Sask. 22 25 29 27 21
Alta. 20 16 28 22 20
B.C. 15 13 26 20 14
Wave 1, 2005
Province Age Group
15+
(%)
15-19
(%)
20-24
(%)
15-24
(%)
25+
(%)
  • Moderate sampling variability, interpret with caution.
CANADA 20 19 27 23 19
N.L. 21 19 27 23 21
P.E.I. 20 12 31 21 20
N.S. 20 13 24 19 21
N.B. 22 17 27 22 21
Que. 23 26 38 32 22
Ont. 19 18 20 19 20
Man. 21 16 32 24 20
Sask. 22 24 37 30 20
Alta. 20 21 26 23 19
B.C. 14 13 26 20 13

Wave 2, 2005
Province Age Group
15+
(%)
15-19
(%)
20-24
(%)
15-24
(%)
25+
(%)
  • Moderate sampling variability, interpret with caution.
CANADA 18 17 25 21 17
N.L. 20 19 29 24 19
P.E.I. 20 14 33 23 19
N.S. 21 12 28 20 22
N.B. 22 19 33 26 21
Que. 21 20 27 24 20
Ont. 14 14 22 18 13
Man. 24 23 34 28 23
Sask. 23 25 35 30 21
Alta. 21 17 28 23 21
B.C. 15 15 22 19 15

Annual, 2005
Province Age Group
15+
(%)
15-19
(%)
20-24
(%)
15-24
(%)
25+
(%)
CANADA 19 18 26 22 18
N.L. 21 19 28 24 20
P.E.I. 20 13 32 22 19
N.S. 21 13 27 20 21
N.B. 22 18 30 24 21
Que. 22 23 32 27 21
Ont. 16 16 21 19 16
Man. 22 20 33 26 21
Sask. 22 25 36 30 20
Alta. 21 19 27 23 20
B.C. 15 14 24 19 14

Wave 1, 2006
Province Age Group
15+
(%)
15-19
(%)
20-24
(%)
15-24
(%)
25+
(%)
  • Moderate sampling variability, interpret with caution.
  • High sampling variability, data should be suppressed.
CANADA 18 16 25 21 17
N.L. 22 13 33 23 22
P.E.I. 17 15 34 24 15
N.S. 22 13 30 22 21
N.B. 20 17 32 25 20
Que. 22 22 24 23 22
Ont. 14 14 23 19 13
Man. 21 22 39 30 19
Sask. 24 21 36 28 23
Alta. 21 14 31 23 20
B.C. 14 18 15 14

Wave 2, 2006
Province Age Group
15+
(%)
15-19
(%)
20-24
(%)
15-24
(%)
25+
(%)
  • Moderate sampling variability, interpret with caution.
CANADA 19 14 29 21 19
N.L. 21 19 34 26 20
P.E.I. 21 13 27 20 21
N.S. 22 16 35 25 22
N.B. 25 14 32 23 25
Que. 18 15 34 25 17
Ont. 19 11 26 19 19
Man. 19 18 27 22 19
Sask. 23 20 27 24 23
Alta. 22 16 29 23 21
B.C. 17 13 28 21 17

Annual, 2006
Province Age Group
15+
(%)
15-19
(%)
20-24
(%)
15-24
(%)
25+
(%)
CANADA 19 15 27 21 18
N.L. 22 16 33 25 21
P.E.I. 19 14 31 22 19
N.S. 22 15 33 24 21
N.B. 23 16 32 24 22
Que. 20 18 30 24 19
Ont. 17 12 25 19 16
Man. 20 20 32 26 19
Sask. 24 21 31 26 23
Alta. 21 15 30 23 21
B.C. 16 12 24 19 16
Wave 1, 2007
Province Age Group
15+
(%)
15-19
(%)
20-24
(%)
15-24
(%)
25+
(%)
  • High sampling variability, data should be suppressed.
CANADA 19 15 24 20 18
N.L. 22 20 30 25 21
P.E.I. 18 23 16 19
N.S. 20 12 30 21 20
N.B. 20 15 25 20 20
Que. 20 19 30 25 19
Ont. 17 13 18 16 18
Man. 20 20 32 26 19
Sask. 25 19 39 29 24
Alta. 21 18 28 23 20
B.C. 15   23 16 15

Wave 2, 2007
Province Age Group
15+
(%)
15-19
(%)
20-24
(%)
15-24
(%)
25+
(%)
  • High sampling variability, data should be suppressed.
CANADA 20 15 26 21 19
N.L. 21 13 31 22 20
P.E.I. 19 16 26 21 18
N.S. 20 14 28 21 20
N.B. 21 18 23 21 22
Que. 24 16 34 25 23
Ont. 19 14 26 20 19
Man. 20 20 30 25 18
Sask. 23 24 24 24 23
Alta. 21 22 28 25 20
B.C. 14   12 14

Annual, 2007
Province Age Group
15+
(%)
15-19
(%)
20-24
(%)
15-24
(%)
25+
(%)
CANADA 19 15 25 20 19
N.L. 21 17 31 24 21
P.E.I. 18 13 25 19 18
N.S. 20 13 29 21 20
N.B. 21 17 24 20 21
Que. 22 17 32 25 21
Ont. 18 13 22 18 18
Man. 20 20 31 25 19
Sask. 24 22 31 27 23
Alta. 21 20 27 24 20
B.C. 14  9 18 14 15
Wave 1, 2008
Province Age Group
15+
(%)
15-19
(%)
20-24
(%)
15-24
(%)
25+
(%)
  • Moderate sampling variability, interpret with caution.
CANADA 18 15 28 22 17
N.L. 20 14 24 19 20
P.E.I. 18 13 28 20 18
N.S. 19 14 25 19 19
N.B. 19 15 30 23 18
Que. 19 17 31 24 18
Ont. 17 13 27 20 17
Man. 19 13 21 17 19
Sask. 21 24 23 23 20
Alta. 19 18 29 24 18
B.C. 15 16 28 22 14

Wave 2, 2008
Province Age Group
15+
(%)
15-19
(%)
20-24
(%)
15-24
(%)
25+
(%)
  • Moderate sampling variability, interpret with caution.
CANADA 18 14 27 21 17
N.L. 21 15 32 23 20
P.E.I. 20 15 33 24 19
N.S. 20 15 28 21 20
N.B. 21 13 28 21 21
Que. 20 16 31 23 19
Ont. 16 12 28 20 16
Man. 22 20 27 24 21
Sask. 20 16 30 23 19
Alta. 22 15 30 23 21
B.C. 13 15 16 15 13

Annual, 2008
Province Age Group
15+
(%)
15-19
(%)
20-24
(%)
15-24
(%)
25+
(%)
CANADA 18 15 27 21 17
N.L. 20 15 28 21 20
P.E.I. 19 14 31 22 19
N.S. 20 14 26 20 20
N.B. 20 14 29 22 20
Que. 19 17 31 24 18
Ont. 17 13 27 20 16
Man. 21 17 25 21 21
Sask. 20 20 27 24 20
Alta. 20 16 29 23 20
B.C. 15 15 21 18 14

Wave 1, 2009
Province Age Group
15+
(%)
15-19
(%)
20-24
(%)
15-24
(%)
25+
(%)
  • Moderate sampling variability, interpret with caution.
  • High sampling variability, data should be suppressed.
CANADA 17 14 21 18 17
N.L. 21 13 33 23 20
P.E.I. 18 19 15 18
N.S. 19 14 32 23 18
N.B. 21 17 29 23 21
Que. 18 20 25 22 18
Ont. 16 13 17
Man. 18 14 26 20 18
Sask. 21 19 29 24 21
Alta. 18 27 21 17
B.C. 15 16 15

Wave 2, 2009
Province Age Group
15+
(%)
15-19
(%)
20-24
(%)
15-24
(%)
25+
(%)
  • Moderate sampling variability, interpret with caution.
  • High sampling variability, data should be suppressed.
CANADA 18 12 24 18 18
N.L. 20 18 26 22 20
P.E.I. 17 16 24 20 16
N.S. 20 14 28 21 20
N.B. 21 14 26 20 21
Que. 23 17 35 26 22
Ont. 15 21 14 15
Man. 20 21 25 23 19
Sask. 23 18 27 22 23
Alta. 18 12 25 19 18
B.C. 14 13 17 15 14

Annual 2009
Province Age Group
15+
(%)
15-19
(%)
20-24
(%)
15-24
(%)
25+
(%)
CANADA 18 13 23 18 17
N.L. 21 16 29 23 20
P.E.I. 18 14 22 18 18
N.S. 20 14 30 22 19
N.B. 21 16 27 22 21
Que. 21 18 30 24 20
Ont. 15 9 18 14 16
Man. 19 18 25 22 18
Sask. 22 18 28 23 22
Alta. 18 12 26 19 18
B.C. 15 13 18 15 15

Wave 1, 2010
Province Age Group
15+
(%)
15-19
(%)
20-24
(%)
15-24
(%)
25+
(%)
  • Moderate sampling variability, interpret with caution.
  • High sampling variability, data should be suppressed.
CANADA 18 14 20 17 18
N.L. 19 28 20 18
P.E.I. 17 22 17 17
N.S. 19 17 25 21 19
N.B. 21 27 20 21
Que. 20 18 21 19 20
Ont. 16 17 14 17
Man. 24 18 25 21 24
Sask. 21 21 22 21 21
Alta. 20 18 19 18 20
B.C. 12 22 16 12

Wave 2, 2010
Province Age Group
15+
(%)
15-19
(%)
20-24
(%)
15-24
(%)
25+
(%)
  • Moderate sampling variability, interpret with caution.
  • High sampling variability, data should be suppressed.
CANADA 16 11 24 18 16
N.L. 21 18 38 28 20
P.E.I. 16 22 16 16
N.S. 22 15 23 19 23
N.B. 19 30 21 18
Que. 17 12 26 19 16
Ont. 14 21 15 14
Man. 18 12 29 20 17
Sask. 21 19 28 24 21
Alta. 18 16 22 19 18
B.C. 17 27 19 16

Annual 2010
Province Age Group
15+
(%)
15-19
(%)
20-24
(%)
15-24
(%)
25+
(%)
CANADA 17 12 22 17 17
N.L. 20 15 33 24 19
P.E.I. 16 11 22 16 16
N.S. 21 16 23 20 21
N.B. 19 12 29 20 19
Que. 18 15 24 19 18
Ont. 15 9 19 14 15
Man. 21 15 27 21 20
Sask. 21 20 25 23 21
Alta. 19 17 20 19 19
B.C. 14 9 25 17 14

Annual 2011
Province Age Group
15+
(%)
15-19
(%)
20-24
(%)
15-24
(%)
25+
(%)
  • Moderate sampling variability, interpret with caution.
CANADA 17 12 21 17 17
N.L. 19 11 25 18 19
P.E.I. 19 14 30 22 18
N.S. 18 12 29 21 18
N.B. 19 14 25 20 19
Que. 20 17 23 20 20
Ont. 16 9 21 15 17
Man. 19 14 27 21 18
Sask. 19 20 27 24 18
Alta. 18 8 24 17 18
B.C. 14 10 13 12 15

Annual 2012
Province Age Group
15+
(%)
15-19
(%)
20-24
(%)
15-24
(%)
25+
(%)
  • Moderate sampling variability, interpret with caution.
CANADA 16 11 20 16 16
N.L. 20 12 24 18 20
P.E.I. 15 9 20 14 15
N.S. 16 11 21 16 15
N.B. 17 14 26 20 17
Que. 17 13 22 18 17
Ont. 16 9 18 14 16
Man. 18 13 27 20 17
Sask. 19 20 25 23 18
Alta. 17 10 24 18 17
B.C. 13 10 16 13 13

For more information about the survey and/or its results, please go to the Next link will take you to another Web site Controlled Substances and Tobacco Directorate (CSTD) web site (www.gosmokefree.gc.ca)

Note that when comparing results across different data releases of CTUMS, Health Canada advises that it is more accurate and reliable to compare results from one wave with those of other waves and to compare annual results with other annual results.

For this reason, time series results are presented in two separate formats - by wave and by year.

For further information, please email TCP-PLT-questions@hc-sc.gc.ca