It's Your Health
This article was produced in collaboration with the Public Health Agency of Canada.
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Anyone can fall, but the risk of falling becomes greater with age. There are a number of simple steps you can take in and around your home to help prevent falls and the injuries caused by falling.
Every year, one in three Canadian seniors will fall at least once. Hip fractures are the most common type of fall injury among seniors, and about 20 percent of injury-related deaths among seniors can be traced back to a fall.
Factors that can increase your risk of falling include the following:
Nearly half of all injuries among seniors happen at home. The bathroom and stairs are particularly dangerous areas. However, you can prevent falls by making adjustments to your home and lifestyle, and by making sure you eat well, stay fit, and use whatever devices you may need to help keep you safe.
In the bathroom:
In the living room and bedroom:
In the kitchen:
Around the exterior of your home:
Good nutrition will help keep up your strength, resistance and sense of balance. Get a copy of Canada's Food Guide to Healthy Eating, and follow the advice about healthy food choices. Do not skip meals. It can make you weak and dizzy, which will increase your risk of falling.
Stay active. Do what you can to maintain your flexibility, balance and strength. Start slowly and build up until you accumulate a total of 30-60 minutes of moderate physical activities on most days. A few short exercise sessions during the day are as valuable as one longer session. For advice on getting started, consult Canada's Physical Activity Guide to Healthy Active Living for Older Adults.
Ask your doctor or pharmacist about the possible side-effects of combining prescription drugs with over-the-counter remedies, natural health products, or foods and juices. If your medication makes you dizzy or sleepy, adjust your activities to prevent the risk of falling. Natural health products can have potent effects on the body. While the intent is for positive health effects, there is also the potential for side effects. Therefore, before you take any self-selected or over-the-counter product, including a natural health product, you should take steps to be sure it is the correct product for you. Also, ask your doctor whether or not you can drink alcohol with the medications you are taking. Alone or in combination with drugs, the misuse of alcohol can cause falls.
Use devices that can help keep you safe and active. Wear your glasses and hearing aid. Consider using a walker or cane. If using a cane, make sure it is the correct height and has a rubber tip for safety. If you will be walking on icy roads or paths, consider using grippers on your boots and a special ice-cap for your cane with cleats to prevent it from sliding. Ask your health care provider about other devices that can make your life safer and easier.
Try to land on your buttocks to prevent more serious injuries. Make sure you are not injured before you try to get up or let others help you. Also, do not let the fear of falling again prevent you from being active. Inactivity creates an even greater risk of falling.
The Public Health Agency of Canada provides federal leadership on health issues related to aging and seniors. As part of this work, the Agency supports and promotes research, policies and programs to improve the health and safety of seniors by limiting the number of injuries due to falls.
Division of Aging and Seniors
Public Health Agency of Canada
Ottawa, ON K1A 1B4
Telephone: (613) 952-7606
Fax: (613) 957-9938
Also, visit the Injury Prevention section of the Division of Aging and Seniors Web site for useful information on preventing falls, including:
For a copy of Canada's Food Guide to Healthy Eating.
You may also order printed copies of the Food and Physical Activity Guides, free of charge, by calling 1-800-O-Canada (1-800-622-6232). The call is toll-free in Canada.
For more information on Natural Health Products.
For additional articles on health and safety issues go to the It's Your Health Web site. You can also call toll free at 1-866-225-0709 or TTY at 1-800-465-7735*.
Original: June 2006
ę Her Majesty the Queen in Right of Canada, represented by the Minister of Health, 2006