On this page:
Did you know that children can get a cavity as soon as their first tooth arrives?
It is never too early to start looking after your child's oral health. Even before your child has their first tooth, it is important to begin good oral hygiene habits. Plaque grows in a child's mouth even before they have teeth. The bacteria found in plaque can lead to the development of Early Childood Tooth Decay (also known as Early Childhood Caries or ECC or Baby Bottle Tooth Decay), so it is important to remove plaque from the child's mouth daily.
All 20 baby (or primary) teeth should break through (erupt) by the time the child is 2 or 3 years old. Remember every child is different. Some children will get teeth before or after the times you see on this picture.
Baby Teeth Are Important for:
Strong teeth help to chew and break down food. Once teeth become decayed, chewing can be difficult and painful.
Teeth play an important role with speech. The tongue uses teeth for positioning and for forming words.
Saving space for adult teeth
Baby teeth hold a space in the mouth for adult teeth. When adult teeth arrive, the baby teeth guide them into the proper spot. Without baby teeth as a guide, the adult teeth could shift into the empty space. This may lead to crowding.
Losing teeth too early can have an effect on self esteem.
If your child can write (not print) his or her name, your child is able to brush their teeth by themselves. If your child can't write his or her name, then your child is not able to properly clean their teeth alone. It is hard for your child to hold and move a toothbrush well enough to reach all areas of his or her mouth. You can help your child to brush his or her teeth.
ECTD (also known as Early Childhood Caries or ECC or Baby Bottle Tooth Decay) is a severe type of tooth decay that can affect baby teeth; especially the upper front teeth. ECTD is caused by food left in the mouth from feeding including milk, juice, drinks and breast milk can lead to the development of ECTD. The sugars found in food combines with the bacteria in plaque to create an acid that damages the enamel of a tooth. The longer and more often food is left in the mouth, the greater chance of developing ECTD.
Prevent ECTD from occurring to your child
A sealant is a clear or tinted plastic covering put on the chewing surfaces of teeth. A sealant acts like a barrier and keeps food from getting stuck in the grooves and pits. This will help to keep teeth free from decay. Sealants can be applied to a tooth as soon as it arrives in the mouth
Check your child's mouth for ECTD
You can check your child's mouth for ECTD by lifting the lip and checking their teeth.
Some signs of tooth decay are:
If there are any signs of tooth decay, the child should be examined by a dental professional right away. Early treatment can prevent the problem from getting worse.